The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

published - extracts on the Nagas from 'Census of India, 1931 - Volume III - Assam Report'

caption: Chapter I. Distribution and Movement of the Population. Naga Hills
medium: reports
person: Mullan/ C.S.
date: 1931
text: The population of the Naga Hills has increased b 20,043 or by 12.6 per cent. The figure, however, includes 6,820 persons censused for the first time in the Melomi-Primi [Mr J.P. Mills, I.C.S., informs me that if I wish to be absolutely accurate I should call this area the "Meluri-Akhegwo" area. I prefer, however, to use the name by which it has always been known in the Secretariat files.] area and in certain villages east of Mokokchung. The real increase in the old population of the district is therefore 13.223 or 8.9 per cent of which the Kohima subdivision accounts for 5,851 or 6.6 per cent. and the Mokokchung subdivision for 7,372 or 10.3 per cent. This seems a satisfactory increase compared with the increase - if areas censused for the first time are omitted - of only 1,963 persons in the old population between 1911 and 1921.
text: Except for immigration, however, the population of the district, which suffered heavilly from the influenza epidemic, would have actually shown a slight decrease in 1921. Unfortunately it is not possible to give the figures for new immigrants into the district during the last decade. There is, however, no doubt that immigration has continued - there has been an influx of over a thousand Mikirs and the plains area around Dimapur has attracted other immigrants from outside the district - and it is probable that the indigenous population of the hills has not increased by more than five or six per cent. Still this is a good deal better than the decrease in the indigenous population during the previous decade and must be ascribed to the almost complete absence of epidemics during the last ten years and to the general normal course of events - "Crops and wages have been normal," reports the Deputy Commissioner, "and the earthquakes we have had have done no damage."