The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

colour photographs of Naga artefacts from various sources

caption: Head-taker's drinking vessel (chunga), and head-taking tally. Cut in relief (on upper half) with figures of two cocks and a mithan head; (on lower half) with figures of a male warrior with dao in right hand, and a human pair holding a human head between them, one with a dao in his right hand. Between the two warriors a vertical zig-zag ridge representing a morung post. Top and bottom segments separated by a zig-zag band. Black background. Figures with traces of red. Seasoned bamboo. Phom. [probably] Mongnyu
medium: artefacts
person: Khaulim/ of HokpongAdams/ P.F.Yakching/ of Mongnyu
location: Hukpong (Hokpong)
size:16.25" (h), 4.5" (dia)
person: Yakching/ of Mongnyu
date: 1943
ethnicgroup: Phom
location: Mongnyu
note: documentation based on original source information unless within square brackets
refnum: 1170
person: Archer/ W.G.
date: 7.1947
location: Mokokchung
note: collected from the carver
person: private collection
refnum: 22
seealso: other chungas by Khaulim at Pitt Rivers
text: Yakching commenced making drinking vessels in 1942 when P.F. Adams, ICS, Sub-Divisional Officer, Mokokchung, gave him one by the Phom Naga, Khaulim of Hokpong as a guide. Khaulim of Hokpong was the carver of the drinking vessels presented by Dr. J.H. Hutton to the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford, in about 1920. Yakching's career as a carver dates from the receipt by him of the vessel by Khaulim sent to him by Adams. Since then he has regularly carved these drinking vessels for use as head-takers' tallies in life and as tallies for putting on their graves after death. Mongnyu was a village with a group of carvers. The chungas show the owner with all his victims. Sometimes the owner is duplicated. Prisoners are not shown.