The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

typescript tour diary of W.G. Archer, S.D.O. Mokokchung 1947

caption: visit to Chezubama
caption: grave effigies
medium: tours
person: HuttonTazuho/ of ChezubamaHuritsu/ of ChezubamaNengatsumi khel
ethnicgroup: Angami <Eastern
location: Chezumi (Chezubama) Chakrima
date: 19.1.1947
person: Archer/ W.G.
date: 31.12.1946-14.2.1947
seealso: 'Angami Nagas', Hutton
text: In the Angami Nagas, Hutton notes that 'the human figure is executed in life size for erection over the graves particularly in the Eastern Angami villages', (p. 67) and in discussing funerals he says 'In the case of the Chakrima villages, a wooden effigy almost of life size dressed in the ceremonial dress of the dead is set up over the tomb'. (p. 227) He also illustrated one such figure - the stones at the feet being a tally of success in 'love and war'. 'The stones with faces carved on them represent enemies slain, the plain stones behind them the women he loved.' These statements seem to be slightly too general and to miss a significant point. There is at present only one such effigy in Chezubama.
text: (33) Another Angami of the village may also receive a similar funeral. This is Huritsu who has similarly taken three heads. Two of them in the Abor and Kuki wars and a third in 1944 from a Jap. These exploits now entitle him to wear a wheel of 18 hornbill feathers on his head, two cowrie sashes across the chest and to carry a spear with tufts of red hair.