The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

manuscript notes made by W.G. Archer between 1946 & 1948, and miscellaneous papers and letters

caption: Sangtam religion
medium: notes
ethnicgroup: Sangtam
person: Archer/ W.G.
date: 1946-1948
refnum: 5:37
text: Religion.
text: 1. Makyupelara - God - is in the sky - Minglonglara is his consort, his wife - gives men their souls - when a good man dies, he goes to other side? with M. if he is bad, Charungla atba devours him. Charungla atba is a little lower than Makyupelara - stands midway between the world and the sky. He 'vets' every soul - the good go by - the bad he seizes and eats and throws away - no things offered to either of them. They do not interfere in the world's affairs.
text: 2. Tsungrangre is in charge of the world - he moves in the villages - he is not in one spot - he can keep if he pleases or punish if displeased - he is neither man nor woman - he is Tsungrangre - he is a good deity - 'he is like a father' - it is through him that all good comes. He gives good weather and bad.
text: 3. No other spirits - no house spirits - no jungle spirits - or hunting spirit - no crop spirit. All is the work of Tsungrangre. Sun and moon are forms of Tsungrangre. (See Hutton note 195). Aos - (Litsaba not known by Sangtams as a special crop spirit). The same spirit looks after everything. 'If a man hears a voice in the forest it is Tsungranglare' -
text: 'In the forest he sometimes sees a lovely woman with hair to her heels and great big breasts - that also is Tsungranglare. Either anyone who sees her will die or one in his family will die'. If he hears her voice he will get ill. No stories of marriage with spirits.