The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

manuscript notes made by W.G. Archer between 1946 & 1948, and miscellaneous papers and letters

caption: trans-frontier raids from 1920 to 1946
caption: extension of the administered area
medium: notes
location: Chare Patkoi Range Nantaleik R. (Tizu R.) Tita R. (Tsutha R.) Tita R.
person: Pawsey/ C.R.Archer/ W.G.
date: 25.4.19471946-1948
refnum: 13:2
text: Extension of the Administered Area.
text: I am not in favour of the whole of the present control area being taken up. As villages in the control area get more civilised there comes a time when they realize how far better off and happier the administered villages really are. The outstanding example is the Sangtam villages just to the East of Mokokchung which were first administered in about 1927, at that time they were so poor that they used to work for the Aos during the harvest, and other busy seasons, and in their external relations across the frontier were dominated by the Changs. Now Chare, the largest Sangtam village is one of the chief sources for the supply of rice to Mokokchung Station. Instead of the male population spending half their time on sentry duty they can work in the fields and trade and work in the plains in the cold weather.
text: The rest of the Sangtam tribe is continually clamouring for administration and accordingly the proposal of which a copy is attached was submitted in 1939. The reason for the postponement of the proposal is that it would violate the Constitution Act. This was discussed in Shillong and I understand that my view that the PATKOI, and not the existing boundary, was the Assam boundary was to be further examined.
text: The Sema village between the TIZU and TSUTHA or TITA villages are also fit for administration.
text: These two extensions would not involve any fresh outposts of Assam Rifles. The people are as friendly as those in our own villages.
text: On the other hand I would be strongly opposed to the taking over of areas not fit for administration. For instance if we took over the Chang area we should have to put at least a platoon in the village to preserve peace between the khels who are bitter enemies. Any extension of the administered area should only be with the consent of the people concerned. (The Konyak area is different and will be dealt with later).