The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

manuscript notes made by W.G. Archer between 1946 & 1948, and miscellaneous papers and letters

caption: Sangtam village organization
caption: Sangtam village officials
medium: notes
keywords: YangchareSutichureLakhenirePipure
ethnicgroup: Sangtam
person: Archer/ W.G.
date: 1946-1948
refnum: 5:40
text: Yangchare. - the one who gave the bull at the founding
text: 1. The head of the village - founder or his descendants - or an adopted member of his family - 'one who comes from outside, calls him "father" and is admitted to the family' - the most competent member of the family succeeds to the post of village head. Before he dies, the head consults other villagers, takes the general view and announces his successor.
text: Duties:
text: 1. To decide disputes between individuals or between clans.
text: 2. Direct which hillside to be jhumed in which year.
text: 3. Entertain important visitors.
text: 4. Organise raids (none without his permission)
text: 5. Fix dates for festivals and observance of gennas.
text: 6. Direct path making and clearing.
text: 2. Sutichure.
text: The three who gave the dog, cock and pig at the founding and their descendants. These:
text: a) Advisory council to the headman.
text: b) his executives - who mobilise the villagers and inform them of his decisions.
text: 3. The Lakhenire.
text: Men who choose the sacrificial animals - do the collection of the village subscriptions - descendants of the remaining 2 who were genna for 30 days.
text: 4. The Pipure.
text: The 2 oldest men of the village nominated by the headman - these officiate at village sacrifices.
text: 5. The commoners.