The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

manuscript - Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf, Naga diary five

caption: beliefs about Ghawang , work of the shamans
medium: diaries
person: Metlou
ethnicgroup: Konyak
location: Wakching
date: 6.6.1937
person: Furer-Haimendorf
date: 1.4.1937-26.6.1937
note: translated from german by Dr Ruth Barnes
person: School of Oriental and African Studies Library, London
text: We then also speak of Ghawang and Metlou states with certainty that there is only one Ghawang in heaven who has neither wife nor children. Some people like the shamans do say that he has a wife but according to the old tradition he does not. Metlou makes it quite clear that Ghawang takes pleasure in good deeds and punishes bad ones. Hostile spirits of the earth, gashis, there are many, they can make a human sick, (211) but as long as Ghawang does not wish it he does not die. He only does if Ghawang is angry with him. The gashis anger alone cannot bring death but only minor illnesses.