The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

manuscript Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf notebook three

caption: the treatment of crimes; murder, injury, theft, arson, quarrels - Neangbas
medium: notes
person: Yongang
ethnicgroup: Konyak
date: 11.8.1936
person: Furer-Haimendorf
date: 8.1936-6.1937
person: School of Oriental and African Studies Library, London
seealso: (cf. NB. 12)
text: (51) Wakching. Informant: Yongang.
text: If a man kills another man of his own village, then the killed man's family - his brother etc. - take revenge and beat the culprit very severely and fine him layas, some fields, pigs, - to a value of about 300 Rs. Moreover the murderer flees because he is afraid of his victim's family, to some strong village. This fine is eaten by the Ang and the Neangs.
text: If a man injures another man he is fined by 20 layas, two fields and one pig. The layas and the fields receives [are received by] the injured man. The pig is eaten by the Ang and the Neangs. There are (52) two Neangs in each morung. The Neangs settle the case, and all ten Neangs and the Ang eat the pig.
text: If a man abuses another, the Neangs fine the man one laya and sell it and eat (sic) the money. If there was only a slight quarrel nothing happens. Now-a-days the Neangs settle cases together with the gaonburas and share the fines with them.
text: If a man steals rice from the granary of another he is fined one big female pig. This is eaten by the morung of the possessor of the rice, he refunds the rice to the owner and gives him in addition to this one small dao and chicken.
text: (53) If rice is stolen from granaries and the thief is not caught, the villagers look around, who has few fields, works little and yet has plenty of food. Such a man is accused and even without certain evidence slightly fined (about 5 Rs.)
text: If a man steals again and again he is fined every time he steals. If he has no more property the fine is taken from his brothers or parents, then from his clan, and if he continues, his clan, which has lost much property through all the fines, forces him to leave the village.
text: (54) If a man kills a man by carelessness he is fined only fields, which the parents or brothers of the killed man take. Moreover he leaves the village, because he is afraid of the killed man's family.
text: If a man sets fire on a house either voluntarily or by carelessness, he flees from the village, ie. he is exiled. But he is not fined, for they fear that otherwise again and again fires would damage the village.
text: (55) If a man injures another man's domestic animals he is fined about 2 Rs. If the animal dies he has to give the owner the price of the animal, and moreover he is fined 10 Rs. by the Ang and the Neangs.
text: If two people quarrel about the boundary of their fields, the Ang and the Niemangs (sic) and all the old men of the village will go and look at the boundary and will fix it, and will not allow the two men to speak. If they go on quarrelling and one man
text: (56) injures the other he is fined and the fine taken by the Ang and the Nieangs. Even if women quarrel on the road or in the houses, the Ang and Nieangs take fines.