The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

manuscript - Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf, Naga notebook four

caption: dancing and ritual at millet planting and mithan sacrifice - Oleabu at Shiong
medium: notes
person: Ahon
ethnicgroup: Konyak
location: Shiong
date: 25.4.1937
person: Furer-Haimendorf
date: 14.8.1936-5.1937
refnum: School of Oriental and African Studies Library, London
note: [konyak] means text omitted
text: (159) Wakching 25/4/1937
text: Ahon:
text: Days of Oleabu:
text: 1st day: Phonglangni (bull cut day, phong = bull of mithan or buffalo) - this day is also called Mon-wak-hoakni (gang pig burn day). On that day mithan and buffaloes are killed and those pigs which are killed by gangs of young men. Ahon killed one mithan. It was fastened to one of the old forked posts in front of his house and its legs (160) were tied together. A man of Nielim clan cut its throat.
text: No forked post was erected and no puja made because Ahon had bought the mithan from Chen and had not bred it himself. There is no dancing that day. That day is not genna for the whole village, only those who sacrifice mithan or buffaloes, and for the gangs who kill pigs. The women go to the jungle for wood and jungle plants.
text: (161) 2nd day: Wak-hoak-ni (pig singe day). That day is genna for the whole village. All people kill their pigs. This year about 25 pigs were killed. That day the men and the girls sing. Small pieces of meat are distributed to all members of the clan. Small gifts of rice and meat are given to the dead. The skulls are taken out of (162) the pots and stone cists and cleaned by the old men and by the women, even girls may clean the skulls of their parents or brothers and sisters. They hold the food near to the skulls and say: [konyak] 'we Olea make you eat, drink, eat meat, to you give rice beer, to you give rice'. Then they put the food down near the skull, but later on it is put into a basket hanging near the grave.
text: (163) 3rd Learha-ni (puja small day)
text: That day men invite their sisters and their children and entertain them. Later on they are asked back by them. A man gives to each of his sisters ten pieces of meat, white rice and madhu. These presents are carried to their houses. The sisters give rice and madhu in return, but usually no meat. That day the women and men dance. (164) That day the men dance in a zig-zag line - Noaling-bu.
text: 4th Lean-dzu-ni (puja great day)
text: The men invite the members of their gang, the women the members of their gang. Then all the men of the Longokhoa dance the great dance, which is only danced in years in which a head was brought (165) in. This dance is called Boa shin a lei bu. (166) At night the girls of the Longokoa dance with the Wanghimba men on the platforms and in the Wanghemba morung. Then Wanghemba girls dance with the Longokoa men in their morung.
text: The next day is Wun-shan-ni (foreigners food day) which is not genna - the day on which the guests carry away the meat and rice they have reserved, or Wun-ban-ni (foreigners leave day).
text: (167) The 6th day is Shi-shak-wan-ni (millet plant bring day). All people go to their field houses and fasten genna-leaves to all posts. Then they sprinkle a mixture of pig's blood and some rice flour and say: [konyak] 'seed give good crops - excellent rice and much taro'.