The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

manuscript - Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf, Naga notebook seven

caption: dangerous spirits
medium: notes
ethnicgroup: Konyak
location: Kongan
date: 24.9.1936
person: Furer-Haimendorf
date: 23.9.1936-21.3.1937
refnum: School of Oriental and African Studies Library, London
text: There are many Ghagangs in the earth, between earth and sky, and in sky. The ones between are bad and harmful to men. The ones in the (25) sky are not bad. The male Ghagangs are better than the female, the latter are dangerous. Before eating the Kongan people give a little rice to the Ghagangs and say: [konyak]. Gashi are very bad spirits (Ghagangs) within the earth.