The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

manuscript - Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf notebook on his return to Nagaland, 1970

caption: various customs and rites, morungs
medium: notes
ethnicgroup: Zemi
location: Hajailo
date: 21.8.1970
person: Furer-Haimendorf
date: 8.8.1970-8.9.1970
person: private collection
text: Hajailo 21/8/1970
text: There are two morungs
text: Clans: Garengsa (sub-clan of Ne-ume). There is only this one clan. As there are no other clans they intermarry within the clan. Inf's. wife is of his own clan; gaonbura or village priest's wife is also of the same clan. But people who can trace their descent from the same ancestors cannot marry. Apparently cross-cousin marriage is not practised. The village is only nine years old; they came from Borolinglo; there are 25 houses. All the 25 households came at the same time from Boronienglo (corrected). In Borolinglo some of the old festivals are not observed; they want to observe them and therefore founded a village of their own. The Borolinglo people are not Christians. They gave up some of their festivals because of economic hardship. The festivals given up are the festival after harvest, and the rite of driving out ghosts.
text: Before harvest is Hemenbuido
text: During harvest is Pokpangi
text: After harvest is Hekangi
text: For Pokpangi pigs are sacrificed.
text: Village priest: Tingkopan.
text: The father of the present tinkopan was not tinkopan. The post is not hereditary, the oldest man of the village is made tinkopan. There is one Kadepeo. His name is Mongelo. His father was also Kadepeo in Boronienglo. His younger brother is still Kadepeo in Boronienglo. Before they came here, there was no village at Hajailo. In Boronienglo there are 2 clans: Ne-ume and Indrame. During their grandfathers' time these clans intermarried, not now.