The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

manuscript - Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf notebook on his return to Nagaland, 1970

caption: history, customs and morungs
medium: notes
ethnicgroup: Konyak
location: Tang
date: 7.9.1970
person: Furer-Haimendorf
date: 8.8.1970-8.9.1970
person: private collection
text: Tang 7/9/1970
text: History: The Tang people came from Chinlong with the same Ang family. The Ang families of the two villages regard themselves as kin and do not intermarry. The Tang land was then vacant. Tang has the following colonies: Yoting, Wating, Lungpo. Previously Lungwa, Pungchau, Mudniau, Pomau, Minjong, Totok were also dependent.
text: The Angs marry: Chui, Mon, Shangnyu, Lungwa, Sheangha, Longyang, Longkhai (as dep. on Mon), Pomau, Niaunu, Joboka. Not from Wakching, - for Wakching was an Ang village such as Tang, and stood in a brother relationship, the Ang changed, but the relationship remained. Nowadays the Tang Ang receives tribute from Yoting, Longphu, 3 Totoks, Wating. They used to get tribute from Sheangha and Lungwa, but now these villages became bigger than Tang and do not give any more tribute. Tang and Shangnyu are equal. Tang took heads from Sheangha, Mon, Chui, Chen, also from Hungphoi and Shiong. In the whole history remembered Tang lost one hundred heads and took 300. Inf. believes this was in the past 100 years. Niaunu was founded by Tang and used to give some tribute to Tang.
text: Morungs: Yadzong, Chingsha, Tangyong, Maik-ai. Yadzong is the Ang's morung and the most populous. In all morungs there are some Ang men, they all came from the Ang's house. There is in each morung a morung Ang. He receives a share of all meat killed by members of the morung. The Great Ang receives head and one hind leg of all wild animals killed by men going out with the whole village, not when killed by individual hunters. The Great Ang receives one hind leg []. When the Ang recently repaired his house, the whole village worked for three days. He may, but need not, give to the workers one mithan or pig. Last time - Spring 1970 - he gave the workers nothing at all, not even rice-beer. The individual morungs have no relations with other villages. The whole village has such foreign relations. Head-hunting was organized on a morung basis, only the men of one morung would go on raids together. Yet, the whole village is responsible. The village that lost a head will take revenge on any Tang man or woman.