The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

typescript - J.H. Hutton tour diaries in the Naga Hills

caption: Boundary dispute between Sugit and Sinjol; Kachari fort at Sugit; problem of elephants
medium: tours
person: LengjangAnamVisar
location: Sugit Shinjol (Sinjol)
date: 22.1.1921
person: Hutton/ J.H.
date: 3.1.1921-31.1.1921
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
refnum: Hutton Ms. Box 2
text: 22nd
text: Halted at Sugit - a good village of 30 houses and more. There is a boundary dispute with Sinjol which used to be a big village, but has dwindled to 10 houses owing to migration (a number of houses went to Sugit) and still claims all the land from the Sarama down to the Nowgong border. Anam put a boundary there which "the elephants removed" when Sinjol went and cultivated on the Sugit side, for which I fined them Rs 50/-. I have now been and relaid the boundary with a fresh stone so big that I think no four legged elephant will trouble to move it though I cannot answer for the trunkless biped variety. Anyway the orders are that Sinjol will not cultivate on the Sugit side of this boundary, which is a line formed by the Dilva stream running east and an unnamed tributary of the Tuilong running west, the sources of which are divided by a narrow neck of land about 12 feet wide along which the Sugit Sinjol path goes and which I have marked by one big stone and one small one formerly removed by the hathis. Sugit on the other hand will not cultivate on the Sinjol side slope of the Mimbung-Khuliu tila, which will leave a strip of jungle on this slope between the two villages and with luck, maintain a fence. Lengjang, Anam and Visar dobashis present as well as both gaonburas.
text: At Sugit is an old Kachari fort, a fine circular earth work with a deep ditch round it and a rampart some 30 feet high enclosing a space about 40 paces in diameter, but a little difficult to judge as it is all covered in jungle. There are a number of other such forts in the neighbourhood in Diger. The fort is said to be Kachari and probably is, but no one really knows. It is believed to have been built in the reign of one Hallam Liengpa who reigned at Dimapur and "was driven out of Dimapur by the sahibs at which time he built these forts when hiding from them in the jungle". This is the Kuki account and seems to have confused the Ahoms with the sahibs or else the Kachari kings of Dimapur with Tuleram Senapati of Nowgong.
text: Elephants everywhere. They ate out Shongsang fields this year apparently.