The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

typescript - J.H. Hutton's tour diary in the Naga Hills

caption: Inspection of the opium shop and the dispensary at Dimapur
medium: tours
person: Paokhulal
ethnicgroup: Kuki
location: Dimapur Kukhidolan (Kukidolan) Nowgong Ghaspani
date: 6.9.1923
person: Hutton/ J.H.
date: 28.8.1923-9.9.1923
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
refnum: Hutton Ms. Box 2
text: 6th
text: Inspected the opium shop. I think it is time that all Naga Hills opium eaters were put on tickets and rationed. The present system at Dimapur does not give much control. I found a Kuki - Paokhulal - who had had opium (263) without a pass and a Naga - Lazukhu Sema - probably pass No. 4 - whose pass number was not recorded. Possibly he has now gone to Kohima. Obviously these passes must sometime or other be collected and checked against the record of sales. I see that many names seem to have two numbers. The same man comes as a new customer or is not recognized, and a fresh number and record is started. Thus 314 Ate Thapa of Ghaspani had 1.8 of opium in April, 655 Aitom Thapa of Ghaspani had 8 tolas in June and three each in July, August and September. Obviously this is all the same man. So too 495 Anga Bahadur (son of Basanta) of Ghaspani, dak-runner, seems to be duplicated in 814 Ang Bahadur Thakuri (son of Tek Bahadur) also a dak runner of Ghaspani, where two men of the same name is unlikely as there are only half a dozen inhabitants altogether. I suspect the Ghaspani dakrunners of bringing opium for other people. Who also, is "Kania coolie" (485) of Kukidolan ? All the Kukidolan inhabitants are Nagas but this man is getting opium without a pass. I cannot either identify one "Avine Sema son of Sechma" (970) getting opium on pass No. 4.
text: After inspecting the Ganja I went to the Thana and finished off yesterday's cases. In the evening I went to a local enquiry, and visited the dispensary. The rainfall shows a serious decrease on last year and the figures for July and August taken together are very much below normal. Neither figures as much lower than the lowest in the last 12 years but the total of the two is probably the lowest since 1910 and the harvest will probably be poor. There are four cases of Kalaazar, the infection having been brought from Nowgong apparently, and four more suspected cases, which the Sub Assistant Surgeon has not been able to diagnose definitely. All are being treated with sodium-antimony tartarate injections, and if they can be cured there will perhaps be no further infection from a local source. One typical Kala-azar case observed by the Civil Surgeon when he came here last month has decamped to avoid treatment and it is not known where he has gone.