The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

typescript - J.H. Hutton's tour diary in the Naga Hills

caption: Problems obtaining coolies; villages and views around Yimtsung-awenrr
medium: tours
keywords: deserted villagestonesvocabularymonolithtrees
person: Pawsey/ MrDundas/ MrOngli
ethnicgroup: YimtsungChang
location: Chingmiren (Chingmirem) Kuthurr Sangpurr Yimtsong-Awenrr (Yimtsung-awenrr) Sotokurr Chamyung stream Kanglok stream Ayepongrr Tita R. Zungki R. Nantaleik R. (Tizu R.) Nantaleik R. (Ti-Ho R.)
date: 19.11.1923
person: Hutton/ J.H.
date: 1.11.1923-30.11.1923
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
refnum: Hutton Ms. Box 2
text: 19th
text: I regretted that I had not burnt Sangpurr, as the effect of my long suffering was that Kuthurr and Chingmirem considered it entirely unnecessary to turn out coolies. Chingmirem, who were told to supply 40 sent 11 and we had to shoot pig in Kuthurr before we could get enough coolies to leave at all; when we did, I sent Mr. Pawsey with the column direct to Yimtsung-Awenrr and went myself with 10 rifles to Chingmirem to fine them for not turning out coolies. From Chingmirem (about 3 miles from Kuthurr) I went on to Sotokurr crossing the streams Chamyung and Kanglok a little above their junction and then up a very steep climb. Sotokurr was the first village I had been into, which had been visited before, since we left Tobu. Mr. Dundas slept at Sotokurr when he went to punish Ayepongrr, a now deserted site two or three miles down the spur below Sotokurr. At Sotokurr I enjoined them straightly to send me coolies that night to carry next day, and so left for Yimtsung, leaving behind Ongli and the Ao dobashis who were going back to Mokokchung. Altogether I reckoned that I covered at least 16 miles and it included some very stiff climbing. Yimtsung, which I reached at about 5.0pm, proved a very pleasant camp on open turf. I find that the name Yachungrr is a Sangtam name apparently and the Yachumi themselves call themselves Yimtsung, Yimtsung-Awenrr being the original home of the tribe.
text: Between Chingmirem (a Chang village) and Sotokurr (Yimtsung) I noticed one small erect stone in field of Job's tears, I also noticed young alders, and they told me that they were carefully planted and preserved to improve the soil. The ones I saw were seedlings growing quite well in the shelter of the stalks of coix.
text: From Yimtsung-Awenrr there is a wonderful view up (or down) the valley of the Tita and of the upper waters of the Zungki. These two streams rise from a marsh in the middle of a narrow and very straight valley with steep sides and flow in opposite directions only to meet again far lower where the Tita having joined the Tizu unites with the Zungki to make the Ti-Ho.