The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

typescript - J.H. Hutton's tour diary in the Naga Hills

caption: Reluctant coolies; rice grown near Yimtsung-awenrr; mixed tribal area
medium: tours
keywords: First World Warcontrol boundaryhigh altitudered clothsgaonburas' authority
person: Pawsey/ Mr
ethnicgroup: YimtsungSemas
location: Sotokurr Cheshorr Yimtsong-Awenrr (Yimtsung-awenrr) Kyutsu-Kilong (Kitsu) Shipungre (Shipungrr) Kyutsu-Kilong (Kyutsukilong) Hutami Zungki R. Muzuchi Chingmiren (Chingmirem) Panso (Aoshed)
date: 20.11.1923
person: Hutton/ J.H.
date: 1.11.1923-30.11.1923
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
refnum: Hutton Ms. Box 2
text: 20th
text: Sotokurr of course failed to produce coolies, at least only 15 arrived and as it was 8 miles in the wrong direction, I did not go back to deal with it. The Sub-divisional Officer can do that from Mokokchung. It is ridiculous to give these villages red cloths if they give no help when we visit them, but the Yimtsung gaonburas seem to have very little dakhal over their villages in any case. However, we got enough coolies with the help of Cheshorr and Yimtsung-awenrr and started for the village known as Kitsu to Semas and to itself as Kyutsukilong. It is a small Yimtsung village on the high point south of Shipungrr, and entailed a climb from the river below Yimtsung-awenrr of 4500 ft. On the way we passed Shipungrr, which I entered to have a look at. While in the village half the coolies bolted. Luckily they could only bolt either down the very steep and narrow path by which we had come, which was blocked by the rear guard, or into the village where I had half a dozen men and a couple of dobashis. We saw them coming and shikared them with horrid threats back to their loads. it was a very long pull up again and the wretched coolies had brought no food with them. Probably they hadn't much to bring and they kept lying down and saying they could not go on, but eventually we got camped in close to Kyutsukilong on a very high cold spot at 7450 feet. The village was very friendly, and some of its inhabitants had been to France. I was surprised to see a Sema village (Hutami) on the range east of this, and all mixed up with Yimtsung villages. The control boundary will clearly have to go down the main stream of the Zungki here.
text: It was very cold indeed at night and Mr Pawsey down with fever. We were in signalling touch with Muzuchi (SEE).
text: From Yimtsung-Awenrr on here as also, I think, at Chingmirem and Sotokurr, I noticed small patches of rice grown here and there in low elevation jhums as a luxury. It is said not to be filling enough for a staple food, and probably does not grow well enough at high elevations. In any case it is quite a new thing about here to grow rice at all. One village Yimtsung-Awenrr, I think, had some very nice-looking bearded rice with a big blackish husk - the husk was yellow with black ribs and beard - which they said was a recent importation from Panso (Aoshed) to the east, and a very good variety.