The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

typescript - J.H. Hutton's tour diary in the Naga Hills

caption: Description of mixture of ethnic traits at Phelungrr; slave raiding and mechanics of punishment by administration
medium: tours
person: Kuno/ of PensureMac/ of Pensure
ethnicgroup: SangtamKalyo KengyuKonyak
location: Phelungre (Phelungrr) Karanra Pensure Zungki R. Panso
date: 6.2.1926-7.2.1926
person: Hutton/ J.H.
date: 22.1.1926-22.2.1926
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
refnum: Hutton Ms. Box 2
text: 6/2/1926 To Phelungrr about 10 miles. This village has never before been visited. It is a fair sized village probably about 200 houses more like the southern Sangtams of the Karanra neighbourhood than the genuine Sangtams of this, but differing in dialect from both.
text: They had many complaints to make of Pensure and are particularly bitter about the slave raiding habits of this village, which as far as possible seizes people alive and if the children of rich men lets them go for a heavy ransom while if they are poor it sells them to other villages as slaves, or chops them in the morung or in some cases keeps them as slaves itself making them hewers of wood and fetchers of water. Pensure is visible from Phelungrr just across the Zungki; it does not look large, but has an excellent defensive situation. The chief offenders are two chiefs known as Kuno and Mac - something or other. It may be necessary to deal with Panso and Pensure at any time, the only difficulty is that of expense. Both will need to be burnt before they stop slave raiding, and in the case of Panso - which is a large and very powerful village, it would be necessary to have one's own transport with the visiting column. This means hired coolies and their rations as well as those of the column, and the whole business might possibly run to two or some three thousand rupees. One thing, however, is quite obvious and that is that if either of these villages does come and collect the red cloths we have given out in the control area, they will have to be taught better manners, or our name will be mud. Pensure would be a simple matter - friendly villages to a days march of it and 50 rifles would probably be plenty, but Panso itself will need at least 100, possibly more, to ensure unqualified success. They use crossbows, poisoned arrows as well as spears.
text: 7/2/1926 Halted Phelungrr. The tattoo marks on the chests of some of the men also on their upper arms are very suggestive of Konyak patterns.