The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

typescript - J.H. Hutton's tour diary in the Naga Hills

caption: Successful terraced jhums and alder reforestation; methods of revenue assessment
medium: tours
location: Zekwera (Yekura) Pulomi (Kenoma)
date: 15.5.1926-16.5.1926
person: Hutton/ J.H.
date: 14.5.1926-9.6.1926
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
refnum: Hutton Ms. Box 2
text: 15/5/1926 To Yekura. The terraced jhums through which the path goes are the acme of scientific jhuming. At present most of them are under cultivation and the alders reminded one of hop-fields as they are all cut down to pollard stump or to long shaved poles with a tuft at the top for seed production. As soon as the jhums are given up they become a forest of alder again and are ready to jhum in 3 or four years. The retaining walls prevent any denudation of the soil and the shade of the trees quickly kills out the weeds that have followed the crop. Sometimes turn crops in succession are taken off these jhums before letting them go fallow again, but the secret of this cultivation apparently is to put no rice on these jhums, only millet and Job's tears.
text: Kenoma are due for counting and I said it should be done before next revenue time. They want to be put on the tikka system, which will save trouble to everyone.
text: 16/5/1926 Halted Yekura. Renewed gun licences and took a few cases from Kenoma.