The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

typescript - J.H. Hutton's tour diary in the Naga Hills

caption: Administration of an oath by diving; revenue avoidance by sharing fireplaces
medium: tours
ethnicgroup: KukiKacha NagaAngami
location: Tasanki (Tesangki) Thenjol Jessami (Jesami)
date: 1.6.1926-2.6.1926
person: Hutton/ J.H.
date: 14.5.1926-9.6.1926
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
refnum: Hutton Ms. Box 2
text: 1/6/1926 To Tesangki, where I disposed of the Thenjol - Jesami land dispute, renewed gun licences and heard a number of minor cases.
text: 2/6/1926 Halted Tesangki employed as on the first. All day it poured with rain in a solid sheet. I went down to the river in the morning just as the rain started to administer a diving oath between a Kuki and a Kacha Naga. The pool would only hold one as the other was caught by the current and washed out when he tried to dive, so I made them dive one at a time and timed them. The Naga won by half a minute almost completing 60" under water.
text: I find that it is the usual practice in the Kuki and Kacha Naga country for a man sometime two or three brothers [sic] to marry and stay on in the parental house using the same fire-place as their parents. By so doing they avoid paying revenue, as the separate fire-place, usual among the Angamis in such cases, has everywhere been taken as the test. It clearly does not apply here and obviously every able-bodied married man ought to be paying revenue. The difficulty will be to enforce any order that is issued. Evasion will be so easy.