The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

typescript - J.H. Hutton tour diary in the Naga Hills

caption: Problems caused by Nepali graziers and their animals to Theniazumi panikhets; a good school at Cheswezumi
medium: tours
ethnicgroup: SemaKayas
location: Chakhabama (Sakhabama) Thenizumi (Theniazumi) Cheswezumi
date: 8.5.1928
person: Hutton/ J.H.
date: 17.4.1928-9.5.1928
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
refnum: Hutton Ms. Box 2
text: 8 May
text: To Sakhabama by the Naga path, on the way I noticed graziers' buffaloes in Theniazumi panikhets - an old source of complaint. I sent for the goalas to answer the owner's complaints and warned them that I would treat them as I did the owners of mithan in the Sema Country, and on the first complaint which proved genuine against trespass by their buffaloes, authorise the owner of the field to kill any beast found inside it. Nepali graziers are the curse of all their neighbours. They invariably allow their buffaloes to stray outside the grazing grounds into cultivation, and as invariably refuse to pay compensation unless dragged into court. On the top of that they always shirk selling milk in order to turn out ghee which is more profitable and less trouble and in which the Kayas encourage them by loans against ghee to be produced in the future.
text: Renewed gun licenses and took a few complaints including an appeal against another boundary order this time given by the Sub Deputy Collector.
text: Before leaving Cheswezumi I visited the school there - a small one but one of the best taught in the district. The Schoolmaster has started drill and physical exercises, and is one of the few Nagas I have ever struck who can teach Mathematics.
text: The school applied for pictures. The only pictures I can think of as available are painful advertisements of the horrid fates of those who do not take quinine, among which distortion of the human frame seems to afflict all concerned.