The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

typescript - J.H. Hutton tour diary in the Naga Hills

caption: to Lungkam; influence of Christianity on burial customs; gravestones
medium: tours
ethnicgroup: Ao
location: Lungkam
date: 22.7.1934
person: Hutton/ J.H.
date: 9.6.1934-30.7.1934
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
refnum: Hutton Ms. Box 2
text: 22nd. To Lungkam - Since I was last in the Ao country the use of grave stones has spread from the Xtians, who are buried, to the ancients who are laid out on a platform. These stones besides an inscription usually bear as emblems a sun, moon and star. I do not know why, and though the sun and moon in the upper corners of the stone are most strikingly suggestive of a Rajput memorial I feel certain that they are not derived from that source.
text: One Xtian grave was surmounted by an old topi on a stick and a cup placed on the top edge of the gravestone (they are all vertical not horizontal stones). I asked if a Xtian ghost had need of modhu and the answer was "no. Tea is put into that!" I tried for a lao to fill up the dead man's cup with something stronger, but no one with me had one handy.