The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

typescript - J.H. Hutton tour diary in the Naga Hills

caption: new village, offshoot of Phekrokejuma; conflicts of customary law when transfrontier tribes migrate to Angami country
medium: tours
person: Bor
ethnicgroup: SangtamSemaAngami
location: Tozatsimi (Tezatsimi) Phek (Phekrokejima) Nantaleik R. (Tizu R.) Tehepfemi (Tehepfema) Nahotomi (Nihatomi) Kutsokhunomi (Kushikunoma)
date: 23.3.1935
person: Hutton/ J.H.
date: 21.2.1935-26.3.1935
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
refnum: Hutton Ms. Box 2
text: 23rd. To Phekrokejima, about 15 miles, after assessing Tezatsimi, a very small village indeed.
text: The bridle across the Tizu needs tarring, I should like also to know when its anchorages were last inspected. The culvert just beyond the 62nd mile post is being under-cut by water and needs repair. I saw a very fine coral snake there. The culvert in the 53rd mile should have a slab instead of a wooden span. About a couple of miles from Phekrokejima is a small new village of seven houses recently extruded from Phekrokejima. There was a long discussion about the land occupied; who was to pay for it; how much; what were the boundaries; etc. I spent over half an hour going into it and no one mentioned the fact that Mr. Bor had thrashed it all out the day before.
text: Owing to the settlement of transfrontier runaways, Sema and Sangtam, in Tehepfema bringing in their own practices, there is much confusion in the village as to customary law, and dispute as to whether a price is paid for a wife, whether a protector has a right to claim penalties from retainers who leave his protection, etc. I think there are old orders against the settlement of Transfrontier runaways in Nihatomi Tehepfema and Kushikunoma but they have probably fallen into abeyance. Anyhow if there are none preventing immigration they are needed and also an order that in any case of dispute immigrants from across the frontier shall be determined by the usual Angami custom as observed formerly in the villages.