The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

typescript - J.H. Hutton tour diary in the Naga Hills

caption: Sakhabama over-jhumed; Kuki's offer to guard frontier; proposed eastward extension of control area boundary
medium: tours
person: Vetsotsu/ of KekrimaThevoniThepfusieNguldalen/ of KhanjangBor
ethnicgroup: Kuki
location: Chakhabama (Sakhabama) Kohima Nantaleik R. (Tiho R.) Kuthozarru R.
date: 27.3.1935
person: Hutton/ J.H.
date: 21.2.1935-26.3.1935
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
refnum: Hutton Ms. Box 2
text: 27th. To Sakhabama. One Vetsotsu of Kekrima has a petition about the stopping of his nullah at the Kuthozarru bridge in the 16th mile on the Chezwazuzi road. Mr. Bor will deal with this when going out that way in April.
text: The Sakhabama tila is by the look of it heavily over-jhummed. Permission has been given for jhuming to three adjoining villages in rotation for the last 10 years or so, as it improves the grazing in the grazing reserve. This looks to me as if it had now gone too far. Grazing must go on but jhuming should probably be stopped for a time. Perhaps Mr. Bor with his expert knowledge will pass any necessary orders on the Sakhabama grazing reserve file. Any suspension of permits to jhum for a given period should be made known to dobashis concerned Thevoni and Thepfusie, as otherwise they cannot be held responsible for failing to inform some subsequent D.C. of orders passed.
text: Nguljalen of Khanjang came in the evening to suggest that it was an expensive matter sending escorts to the Burma boundary and that if Government would arm him with a dozen muskets he would undertake to keep all the adjacent frontier inviolate. It would be enough, he said, for the adjacent villages to know that he was armed and no use of them would be necessary. I have no doubt that Nguljalen is right: during the Kuki operation before we were able to occupy the northern Tangkhul country, he collected all the guns from neighbouring Naga villages and armed and drilled his own retainers, built an excellent fort and kept the rebel Kukis at a safe distance until our outposts relieved him. A man of considerable character.
text: It is probably time that the control area was extended eastwards along the northern bank of the Tiho. This area was almost uninhabited when the present control area was delimited, but colonists from west, north and east have now occupied the empty area just west of Saramati mountain and made it easy for transfrontier Nagas to visit our villages immediately south of the Ti-Ho. It is 10 years since the control area limits are fixed and I suggest an extension as follows :-
text: From the confluence with the Zungki river on its eastern bank of unnamed stream just east of Phelungre village, up that stream to its source on peak 7690 (Long.94 57', lat 25 49') and up the spur behind that peak to the main Saramati range; down the Saramati range south-westwards to the district boundary.
text: 28th. To Kohima.