The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

Typescript, J.P. Mills, Tour Diary, March 1927, with comments by Ursula Betts, 1986

caption: Visit to old Kachari fort; compromise in land dispute; cycle-migration; origin of name Laisong
medium: tours
person: Bell/ MrRaisongba/ of Laisong
ethnicgroup: KachariNzemiKuki
location: Semkhor Mokhal Guilong Laisong Kachebo Jenam R. Laisong
date: 7.3.19271940
person: Betts/ UrsulaMills/ J.P.
date: 3.1927
person: School of Oriental and African Studies Library, London
text: 7th.
text: Halted. In the morning we went out to Mokhal, an old Kachari fort about (8) about three miles towards Guilong. The ditch and rampart are plainly visible, but there is no trace of monuments of any kind. Semkhor made most riduculous claims regarding their land dispute with Guilong. We had a look at the land in dispute and I went back, leaving Mr. Bell to deal with the case. He was soon back in camp both sides having abandoned the quarrel when they saw that one side was going to lose a lot of what it claimed and they could not guess which. Mr. Bell recorded the terms of their compromise.
text: [UGB: Again the land-crisis, and a glimpse of Nzemi cycle-migration. By 1940 Laisong Kachebo must have been re-absorbed into the parent village. A former Laisong site was on a shelf on the cliffs across the Jenam to the NE. whence Laisong's Nzemi name, 'Hakaokuloa' - the cliff village. 'Laisong' derives from the days when there were few Nzemi interpreters, when there was a headman called Raisongba, whose name was wrongly thought to be that of the site. (Pidgin Nzemi was the lingua franca of the area. Kuki interpreters usually spoke it very badly and by the time it had been translated into Hindustani it could bear little resemblance to the original statement.)]