The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

typescript - Tour Diary of Keith Cantlie, 1919-1920

caption: Nahatomi-Tehepfima boundary dispute; Satoi boundary case; fish drive; Khozama-Chipoktama case; Nikiye pays fine
medium: tours
person: BarnesViyekha/ of PhekrokezumaNihuInjeviLumakomiKwovekhuThavalhoSatoiNikiyeWoods/ Col.HuttonKohozu
location: Nahotomi (Nahatomi) Tehepfemi (Tehepfima) Satoi Athumzo Mt. Wokhevi (Wokevi) Tsutuho (Satuho) Ikiya (Jhekia) Nikiya (Nikiye) Sotoemi (Sitimi) Khuzama (Khozama) Chipoketami (Chipoktama)
date: 29.12.1919- 31.12.1919
person: Cantlie/ Keith
date: 1919-1920
refnum: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
text: 29th
text: To Nahotomi and met Nihu again. Nahatomi and Tehepfima case was taken. Tehepfima admits encroaching on the boundary fixed by Mr Barnes and brings the fine in advance. Viyekha, the old dobashi of Phekrokezuma had been brought for this, as he fixed the boundary and he and Nihu are to put stones there tomorrow.
text: 30th.
text: Counted Nahotomi and on to Wokevi and on to Satoi. From there I could see the trans-frontier side of the trans-Tizu range. Hutton decided Satoi could purchase fields from Nahotomi and get the trans-frontier side slope. Hutton gave Satoi up to Athumzo peak, but this is an immense distance and gives Satoi as much land as Wokevi, Nahotomi and Tehepfima put together and there are only 25 houses. If Hutton meant all Athumzo up to its highest point to go to Satoi, the cane cutting of Tehepfima has been taken away. I therefore told Satoi he could go the point where Athumzo (31) begins to rise and Hutton on his return could decide where he meant the boundary to be. No one goes there save Tehepfima and Satoi does not want it so it can rest there. Meanwhile Satoi's brother came in. He took an oath before Nikiye, it appears, to take the jungle from Satoi's boundary to Satuho, and this is more than the eye can see from Satoi it is impudence that these two tiny villages should take half our frontier. He was not a welcome subject, as he was fined by Colonel Woods for building a village in British territory without permission. I told him I would not recognise this claim and the matter would be heard when his village was visited. The case of Wokevi and Satoi was then taken up.
text: 31st.
text: Wokevi and Satoi case took all the morning. Both villages were founded from Jhekia and Wokevi was founded first and so claims bind up to Satoi's doorstep. Nikeye and Kohazu laid a boundary but Wokevi protested. I settled the case by making a grazing reserve mid way between the village and they are both fairly content though Wokevi is a little disappointed. This secures a wooded hill top which will be useful when pani-khets are made by Semas. Counted Wokevi. Injevi came in and said Nikiye and Sitimi had given back property and compensation to Kwovekhu and Lumakomi and the buffalo had been found in his village and all settled save the embezzled Rs 30/- which Nikiye says he will take oath he did not eat. The only remaining matters are two cases against Thavelho and these are to be amicably settled in a few days. The complaints against Thavelho were made before Mr. Barnes and were about objections to founding of a new village, but the village was founded afterwards and so the dog and pig killing by Thavelho will be settled for a few rupees amicably. This disposes of all cases in which our arbitration had been asked by trans-frontier people.
text: Back to Chipoktama having no luck in fishing in the Tizu. I saw a fish drive by throwing stones and yelling and then forming a line of men across the river and driving to a double line of cane mesh fencing. One fish was shot (32) and speared before me and 3 or 4 in the early morning. Settled the Khozama Chipoktama cane case by fining Khozama for raking up a case already settled years ago.