The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

typescript - Tour Diary of Keith Cantlie, 1919-1920

caption: shifting villages; genna to have three women in one house; cotton mangling machine
medium: tours
ethnicgroup: Kuki
location: Zalukemi (Jalukema) Birema (Berrima) Lakema Bolbung
date: 26.3.1920-27.3.1920
person: Cantlie/ Keith
date: 1919-1920
refnum: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
text: 26th.
text: To Jalukema. 28 people died of influenza in 1918. There are no less than 5 deka chungs. The Bolbung Kukis are on the old site a quarter of a mile from Jalukema but the houses are tumbling down and it is clear that their real homes are towards the plains where their fields lie. There are only 8 houses instead of ten. The Jalukema Goanbura says he had been pressing for an answer whether they want to shift and he says they have finally decided not to shift. The Bolbung Goanbura confirms this. They are therefore to build proper houses before the rains and I will have a dobashi to see that it is done.
text: 27th.
text: To Berrima. Jalukema wants Lakema to fence Jhum on some common land as it is near Jalukema old grazing. I will hear it (41b) on my way back.
text: Counted Berrima. There is a decrease of two revenue paying houses. Crops last year were good. The Goanbura has two wives and took his widowed daughter to live in his house too but had to build a new house for her as it is genna to have three women in one house.
text: 27th.
text: Heard the case of the Jalukema versus Lakema. Lakema agrees to fence the jhum. I got a specimen of a mangling machine for separating the seeds from the cotton. I cannot understand why it is not universally used instead of the crudestick at least among the Angamis.