The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

published - J.H. Hutton, Diaries of Two Tours in the Unadministered Area East of the Naga Hills', 1926

caption: first tour
caption: field-houses in the shape of buffalo horns at Yungya; fertility symbols
medium: articlestours
ethnicgroup: KonyakPhom
location: Yang-Am (Yangam) Nian (Nyan) Yungya
date: 11.4.1923
person: Hutton/ J.H.
date: 4.1923-27.4.1923
text: April 11th - To Yangam alias Shimung a small Konyak, or Phom and Konyak, village never before visited. It is divided from Yungya and Nyan by the Phangla stream -and is on the same spur as Mongnyu, but below it.
text: It was while leaving Yungya that I first saw one of the enormous field-houses [V. Infra, p. 11] built in these parts by men who have reaped a particularly good harvest. They are built in a form which probably represents buffalo horns, which, like mithan horns elsewhere, are everywhere here used as a fertility symbol. The houses which shelter the effigies of the dead in Urangkong are built on a similar pattern, so that one may suspect that there, as in other parts of the Naga Hills, the dead are intimately associated with the village crops. [SKETCH
text: I noticed today a man of Nyan carrying an embroidered bag on which patterns were worked, which clearly associated the familiar Naga lozenge with a derivation from the human figure. [SKETCH - lozenge pattern as worn on a bag. Nyan.]
text: Yangam was formerly a large and powerful village, they told me, which was eventually defeated by Yungya, treacherously of course, and now pays her tribute.