The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

published - J.H. Hutton, Diaries of Two Tours in the Unadministered Area East of the Naga Hills', 1926

caption: Second Tour
caption: pressure on Kuthurr to produce coolies; Chingmirem fined for not producing coolies; to Shotokurr; to Yimtsung-Awenrr; small menhirs; alders
medium: articlestours
person: PawseyDundas
location: Kuthurr Chingmiren (Chingmirem) Sotokurr (Shotokurr) Ayepongrr Yimtsong-Awenrr (Yimtsung-Awenrr)
date: 19.11.1923
person: Hutton/ J.H.
date: 10.1923-11.1923
text: 19th. I regretted that I had not taken more drastic action at Sangpurr, as the effect of my long suffering was that Kuthurr and Chingmirem considered it entirely unnecessary to turn out coolies. Chingmirem, who were told to supply 40, sent 11 and we had to shoot pig in Kuthurr before we could get enough coolies to leave at all; when we did, I sent Pawsey with the column direct to Yimtsung-Awenrr and went myself with 10 rifles to Chingmirem to fine them for not turning out coolies. From Chingmirem (about 3 miles from Kuthurr) I went on to Shotokurr crossing the streams Chamyung and Kanglok a little above their junction and then up a very steep climb. Shotokurr was the first village I had been into, which had been visited before, since we left Tobu. Mr. Dundas slept at Shotokurr when he went to punish Ayepongrr, a now deserted site two or there miles down the spur below Shotokurr. At Shotokurr I enjoined them straightly to send me coolies that night to carry next day, and so left for Yimtsung, leaving behind Ongli and the Ao dobashis who were going back to Mokokchung. Altogether I reckoned that I covered at least 16 miles and it included some very stiff climbing. Yimtsung, which I reached about 5 P.M. proved a very pleasant camp on open turf. I find that the name " Yachungrr " is a Sangtam name apparently, and the Yachumi themselves call themselves " Yimtsung," Yimtsung-Awenrr being the original home of the tribe. Between Chingmirem (a Chang village) and Shotokurr (Yimtsung) I noticed one small erect stone in a field of Job's tears. I also noticed two small menhirs in Yimtsung-Awenrr itself ; but generally speaking the Yimtsung tribe does not go in much for stones. Among the Job's tears I also noticed young alders, and they told me that they were carefully planted and preserved to improve the soil. The ones I saw were seedlings growing quite well in the shelter of the stalks of coix.
text: From Yimtsung-Awenrr there is a wonderful view up (or down) the valley of the Tita and of the upper waters of the Zungki. These two streams rise from a marsh in the middle of a narrow and very straight valley with steep sides and flow in opposite directions only to meet again far lower where the Tita having joined the Tizu unites with the Zungki to make the Ti-Ho.