The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

published - extracts on the Nagas from 'Census of India, 1931 - Volume III - Assam Report'

caption: Appendix B. (1). The Western Rengma Nagas
medium: reports
ethnicgroup: Rengma <Western
location: Khezha-Kenoma (Kheza-Kenoma) Therugu Mt. Insinyu (Kitagha)
person: Mullan/ C.S.Mills/ J.P.
date: 1931
text: 1. The tribe is divided into a southern and a northern group speaking different dialects. The groups intermarry. The southern group in turn is divided into (1) the big exogamous Kentennenyu clan and (2) the Azonyu group of clans. The Azonyu group in turn is divided into three exogamous groups of clans. The northern group is divided into some six exogamous clans. Descent goes in the father's line.
text: 2. There is no definate order of social precedence. In the southern group the Kentennenyu clan is vaguely regarded as senior, with the Sampinyu as the senior subclan of the Azonyu division. In the northern group the Mhatongza clan is vaguely regarded as senior.
text: 3. There is no chiefly class.
text: 4. The organization is democratic and very bad. Old men and men of position are listened to to a certain extent, but there is very little discipline in a village.
text: 5. It is believed that the tribe was originally one with the Lhotas and travelled with them on their migration from Kheza-Kenoma to the south as far as Therugu Hill on the southern edge of the present Rengma country. There the main body of the tribe split off, though certain clans joined them later both from the Semas to the east and the Lhotas to the north. Some sixteen generations ago a body split from the village of Kitagha and travelling away to the east, became the present Eastern or Naked Rengmas. Another section split off about three or four generations ago and settled in the Mikir Hills.