The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

published - extracts on the Nagas from 'Census of India, 1931 - Volume III - Assam Report'

caption: Appendix B. (1). The Western Rengma Nagas
caption: megaliths
medium: reports
person: Gwalu/ of Phesinyu
ethnicgroup: Rengma <Western
location: Silizuma (Phesinyu)
date: 1929
person: Mullan/ C.S.Mills/ J.P.
date: 1931
text: 6. There is a certain amount of terraced cultivation in some of the southern villages. The art was learnt from their Angami neighbours. Terraces are built on steep slopes and revetted with stone.
text: 7. Megaliths are of two kinds. (1) A rectangular stone platform is made near a path and on it is set up a monolith for the performer of a ceremony, a slightly smaller one for his wife, and a little one for each of his children. A son may set up one of the monuments in the name of his dead father if he has had a series of bad harvests. The Kentennenyu cland of the southern group, and the Mhatongza of the northern group do not put up these monuments.
text: (2) Alignments are very rare. One was set up in Phesinyu in 1929 b one Gwalu in honour of his father. It consists of 18 monoliths 9 to 18 inches high and represents the deceased Hongpung with his wife and children and all who owned him as master. In the past such alignments have been set up by childless people who wish thus to distribute their wealth at a feast and leave some memorial.