The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower

caption: stone monuments and ponds
caption: Heramleo
medium: notes
person: Haikullungba/ of Asalu
location: Impuilao Hangrum Hajaichak Hasanhajik Asalu
person: Graham Bower/ Ursula
date: 1939-1946
refnum: Betts papers, ring binder 1
person: Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge
text: Stone and other monuments.
text: 1. Heramleo.
text: This is a line of upright stones erected by a whole village or by a dekachang in honour of some notable man, sometimes while he is still living, but more often after his death. They represent liasons, but the tally is not exact and the man honoured is not asked for an account. Those putting up the monument make a guess at the total, and then add on a few more for good measure; for example, if they think he had some twenty successful affairs, they will put up twenty-five stones.
text: Examples may be seen outside almost every Zemi village, including Impuiloa (Bara Haflong), Hangrum, Hajaichak and Hasanhajik; the latter has an example with 47 stones, and Hajaichak one with 36.
text: The workers are paid by the relatives of the man honoured, or by the man himself if living. (3/10/24A)
text: 2. Another type called by the same name consists of a ring of upright stones with one larger monolith placed just inside the ring. There is an example at Asalu, about 50 yards south of the old southern gate of the village, and between that the the Haflong bridle-road. It was made by men of Maguilong for Haikullungba of Asalu, after his death some time about 1920. This is not a local type, but is of the kind built by the Northern Zemi.
text: 3. A ring of stones similar to that illustrated on page 245 of Hutton's 'Sema Nagas' stands on a knoll just above Bareneo (Chota Nenglo), on the Hegokuloa path.