The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

manuscript - H.H. Godwin-Austen, Journal of a Tour in Assam, 26th November 1872 to 15th April 1873

caption: Tankol bows and arrows; Tangkol villages
medium: tours
ethnicgroup: Tangkol
location: Ihang R. (Eehang R.)
date: 17.3.1873
person: Godwin-Austen/ H.H.
date: 26.11.1872-4.4.1873
person: Royal Geographical Society, London
text: 17th
text: (65) I had to ascend the ridge to the Eastward again to get in more of the Thobal valley & fix the numerous villages about. Passed up through jooms the whole way & through bits of wood left here & there. Was successful with birds getting a very good nuthatch & a small Lanius. Met 2 Tankols armed with bows, their arrows which are short carried in bamboo quivers, the feathers set on are very small & only two in number. The points are barbed & poisoned ? put on in the same way as I had seen among the Bhutias in a lump just above the points. Put up a PT in a small Tangkol village whence was a fine view up the Thobal quite to its source. After finishing work I got the headman to stand for his likeness but could not persuade any of the women to do so, in order to get a sketch of the sort of cap they wear. Kookie & Tangkol villages are here mingled together, the latter often very small of only 6-8 houses. Back to breakfast in camp about 12 o/c & we then marched up the valley crossed the low ridge & descended very gradually in the open valley of the Eehang. On the Northern side of the ridge very little jooming has been effected to alter the original features of the country - in a very few years this system completely does so. We passed through open woods of oak & well-wooded slopes on either hand extending quite down to the narrow strip of open grass in the bottom of the valley. At 4 o/c we pitched camp close to the Left Bank of the Eril in a very beautiful spot quite park-like, with some fine old well grown oak trees scattered about & numbers of mithan grazing on every side. Close to camp were some brine springs, which are worked, but the excavation had filled with water. Great quantities of old shells of Melania & [Unio] lying about which had been eaten after roasting in fire. And found the Eehang full of them. Got also several fish new to me next day when halting.
text: [sketch: Kuki lookout in cultivation, Eehang valley
text: [sketch: Munipuri sepoys - Tangol [sic] married woman