The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

published - 'Notes on the Wild Tribes Inhabiting the So-Called Naga Hills, on our North-East Frontier of India', by Col. R.G. Woodthorpe, 1881

caption: cultivation - "jooming"
medium: notes
ethnicgroup: RengmahSehmahLhota
person: Woodthorpe/ R.G.
date: 1881
refnum: given at a meeting of the Anthropological Institute, 1881
text: A few words concerning the manner of cultivating will suffice for all these non-kilted tribes, as it differs but slightly among them all. The process commonly known as "Jooming", from the word " Joom", a field, a local term, consists in simply cutting down and burning the jungle on a hillside, and then cultivating on the natural slope of the ground thus cleared, instead of terracing as with the Angamis. These fields are of course not irrigated, and the fallen and charred timber is generally allowed to remain in the fields, lying across the slope, and helps to retain the soil which might otherwise be washed away during the rains. This mode of cultivating is common to the Lushais, Garos, all Nagas (except the Angamis) and across the Brahmaputra, the Miris, Mishmis, &c. I have previously referred to the crops raised by the Nagas generally, and also the cattle and domestic animals common to them.