The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

part of original tour diary of Lt. R.G. Woodthorpe 1876

caption: Description of morungs and inhabitants of Ungma
medium: tours
person: HindeOgleTulloch/ ColGazeram
ethnicgroup: LhotaAssiringia
location: Aliba (Alibar) Ungma Lungkam (Nankam)
date: 26.1.1876
person: Woodthorpe/ R.G.
date: 1875-1876
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
text: Wednesday 26th.
text: (Very hazy dark day. Min at Nankam 44o. A very old woman saw use of sepoy's stock of sugar cane and danced a dance of joy when she had done so.)
text: Up early. Told off Hinde's camp and we parted. He and Ogle for Alibar, we for Ungma about 9 a.m. Nankam gaonbura accompanied us. Worked on way and reached Ungma about 2.30. I went through and beyond village to work. Shot a deer. Returning at 4.30 saw that Col. Tulloch had only just succeeded in finding a camping place near water just under villages. Sent up word to village to supply rice etc. Gazeram waited on him and reported to me that promised supplies but made no movement (8) towards getting anything. I gave orders for a guard to be ready to go up early with me if nothing was brought down to us, but after dinner about 9.30 some of the villagers came down bringing fowls and promising rice etc. and a pig for the sepoys in the morning: they said they were going to bring them tonight, but I ordered them not to return till daylight.
text: Ungma is a very large and flourishing village, with many bachelor houses. I should think the number of houses cannot be under 500. Two paths from the main roads to the bachelors houses are raised neatly bordered with a low fence of small logs crossed.
text: The gaonburas wear red and blue cloths profusely covered with cowries in this way.
text: (Road today tolerably easy only one or two steep ascents but in many places through overarching jungle. Height of camp 4300. Min = 45o. Camp below villages on east in road. Not a good place for defence).