The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

part of original tour diary of Lt. R.G. Woodthorpe 1876

caption: Description of Boralangi: an interested old gaonbura and friendly inhabitants
medium: tours
person: Pusiniu
ethnicgroup: DupdoriaAngamiKhasia
location: Sangratsu (Solachu) Mongsenyimti (Boralangi) Lungkam (Nankam) Pangti
date: 29.1.1876
person: Woodthorpe/ R.G.
date: 1875-1876
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
text: Saturday 29th.
text: (Cloudy dull and foggy - mist and little rain in afternoon. Road steep descent from little Solachu to stream; and steep ascent through fields to ridge tolerably level after that. Height of stream = 1950. Height of Boralangi Naga Mongsemdi 4710/4550 M = 4630. Height of camp 4510/4350 M = 4430. Min = 45o. Dupdoria helmet small flat wooden horns - tufts of red hair. Cane helmet - bearskin coronet.
text: Got up early. Marched. Too hazy and dull for observing. Descended to stream and up to village working on way. Breakfast just outside village about 12.30. After passed through village to camp as it was too foggy to do any work. Shaded in all I have done since leaving Nankam. Old fellow came down and talked. Brought bad zu. The very worst I ever tasted was given to us at tiffin - exactly like bad strong vinegar. Even the Angamis and Khasias turned up their noses at it.
text: At Solachu I noticed a very elaborate watch house, large and well raised within the inner stockade. A broad platform almost 100 feet long ran out over the latter to a big tree outside in which another house was built, where a second staging was carried out about 30 feet to a smaller tree.
text: Boralangi is a village of about 200 houses on the summit of a bare hill. It is rather strongly stockaded, the fence bristling with panjis. The usual ditch and double stairs between two fences. Old bunches of leaves tied to the houses seem to show that our advent has been expected for some time.
text: Gaonbura who took a great interest in my plane table asking if it was a picture of a Naga. Was greatly pleased with the sketch I made last night of a Dupdoria and the one of Pusiniu. I wanted to take them to the village to show the women. He didn't agree to my suggestion to bring the young women down here to look at them.
text: We got 3.5 maunds rice here, and the villagers brought down regular buckets full of zu which they at first sold but afterwards gave us most liberally (quite half must have been water) to any coolie who liked and I fancy they all liked. Great desire evinced by drunken old Gaonbura in hair covered skull cap