The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

part of original tour diary of Lt. R.G. Woodthorpe 1876

caption: Description of villages visited and of surrounding countryside
medium: tours
person: Badgley
ethnicgroup: TablungiaDupdoriaAbor
location: Dikhu R. (Tzela R.) Akhoia (Akoya) Chantongia (Santong) Yongyimsen (Lorian) Tangsa Yacham (Yaicham) Ungri (Unrurr) Lungkam (Nankam) Ungma
date: 2.2.1876
person: Woodthorpe/ R.G.
date: 1875-1876
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
text: (15) Wednesday 2nd.
text: (Heavy rain in early morning. Foggy and dull afternoon. Very fine evening. Road rather up and down and slippery from rain. Descent to the Tzela very bad through grass and reeds, and very steep in parts. Height of Akoya 3240/3170 M = 3205. ?150 houses. Height of Santong 3310/3250 M = 3280. 300 houses. Height of Lorian 3660/3570 M = 3605. ?300 houses. Camp River Tzela 1020/1000 M = 1010. Min. 52o.)
text: Got up early and started. Too dark to do any work in our camp or at point so went on to Akoya. Commenced there and then on to Santong. Had breakfast there at 12.30 and then on working a long road till we began to descend to the river about 1.5 miles long and Lorian. Found some ravines (last years work) below Tangsa very accurate and congratulated Badgley in my own mind on his accuracy. Wondering afterwards how he could have seen them and refering to maps found that they were in my work. I had guessed them from Naga on last year. I find a little practice and knowledge of these hills often enables me to make very accurate "guesses at truth" with reference to minor features not actually visible. I am pleased to find that my work last year agrees very well with this dovetailing. This with the exception of only two small connections of spurs in low parts which were difficult to see from the high ranges. Reached River Tzela about 5. Found guides from Lorian had bolted. We were pleased to find that all the coolies came in very soon notwithstanding the bad road. Had a glorious swim in the pool by which we camped. Naik went out on a raft fishing. The fish were rising freely but did not come for ground bait apparently for he was unsuccessful.
text: Outside Santong I noticed near a tomb a stand containing imitation daos in wood of these shapes.
text: Black and tan tree martinets and several varieties of green pigeons are found along this range also hoolooks. Some cloths in these villages are white with blue stripes worked in patterns. I bought one at Santong. Haversacks of a kind of string (made from the bark of a tree which peels off in endless layers) are much worn this side of Unrurr. They say they come from the Abors (ie. Yaicham etc.).
text: The language from Nankam to Lorian is the same they tell me.
text: I notice the same formations in this range as in the Munching- Deka Haimong range. viz. sandstone strata dipping at a great inclination the stuko (sic) being parallel to direction of range. This is visible in river bank just opposite this camp. Some streets in village are very difficult walking, running along mainly vertical faces of stratum half way up it.