The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

part of original tour diary of Lt. R.G. Woodthorpe 1876

caption: Payments to Nagas for food for camp; detailed description of morung architecture; cloths
medium: tours
person: Lance ?
ethnicgroup: Hatigoria
location: Nian Yungya (Yangia) Kamahu Wanching (Tablung) Tangsa Chihu
date: 10.2.1876
person: Woodthorpe/ R.G.
date: 1875-1876
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
text: (23) Thursday 10th.
text: (Pea soup day. Nothing to be seen 5 miles off. A few heavy clouds in afternoon held out a hope of rain which were delusive and a clear night followed. Height of Nian 2110/2170 Mean = 2140. - Yangia 4210/4100 M = 4160. - 1st Kamahu 4870/4670 M = 4750. - 2nd Kamahu 4560/4400 M = 4480. Height of camp at 12 noon 4310/4150 M = 4230. Min = 50o. Road good the whole way though a little steep in its ascents and descents occasionally.)
text: Started about 8 after waiting to see if there was any chance of fog clearing. Went up to Nian sending coolies on. Inspected village and made sketch pencil of morung. Overtook coolies and went on the Yangia. Arrived about 11. Made pencil sketch of two fellows (naked). Went on through village. I had breakfast outside. Far too hazy to do any useful work. Tried to do a little and came on to Kamahu. Waited below till coolies came up and then came on to find camp. Spot just between 2nd and 3rd villages on the south of range. Steep and not very good camp. Villagers brought down fowls and a goat. A goat was also given to us at Yangia but only two seers of rice. Could not get any today either from Kamahu. Am surprised to hear that Lance paid so liberally for everything at Tablung. It, of course, has made our way more difficult. Lance's modesty or his generosity induced him to clothe the nakedness of nearly every Tablungia in red or green. His liberality induced him to listen to every representation about rights of property over every bamboo or tokopat on any hillside. He gave Rs. 100 for the stockade at Tablung, and 1 anna for every tokopat leaf. This plays old scratches with us. If we did the same we could never camp anywhere under 50 Rs.
text: Nian contains about 200 houses closely packed, the roadway between being big masses of rock in many places. It boasts of three large bachelor houses. A curious custom prevails here of decorating skulls of enemies with horns of wood or panji horns.
text: In Yangia (called by Tablungias Impi) the floor of the large morung rests on angle pointed rocks and is ascended to from the front verandah by a stout notched post being at a great height from the road level. The roof is circular and the eaves horizontal with the usual heavy fringe of grass and rope fibre and dangling pieces of wood.
text: In Kamahu the morungs have a projection like the Lhota Nagas they are not so elaborate as in Nian and Yangia and the front verandah is raised. (SKETCH)
text: There are three villages of Kamahu containing members of seven clans - those in the centre village, only separated by 100 yards or so from the other two, wear a front flap taken up between the legs. The flaps are generally of a course cloth (made of wood fibre.)
text: Chihu is the next village on this range and is at war with the 1st Kamahu which is fortified all round, but is friendly with the other two.
text: The general run of cloths is white with small patches (square) of red embroidery. Some Hatigoria cloths adorned with cowries and red fringes have found their way here.