The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

part of original tour diary of Lt. R.G. Woodthorpe 1876

caption: Problems caused by high winds; burial customs in cases of unusual deaths
medium: tours
person: Memaram
location: Chuchu Yimlang (Susu) Mongsenyimti (Boralangi) Nanning R. Yacham Dihu Chihu Lungkhung Yangemdi Hill Akhoia (Akoya) Chantongia (Santong)
date: 16.2.1876
person: Woodthorpe/ R.G.
date: 1875-1876
person: Pitt Rivers Museum Archive, Oxford
text: (34) Wednesday 16th.
text: (Fine morning. Little dull towards middle of day and showery afternoon. Very windy stormy evening. Clear night but very windy. Height of river at 7.30 a.m. 3960/3830 M = 3895. Ditto Susu at 8 a.m. 3660/3555 M = 3605. Ditto Boralangi 4360/4300 M = 4280. Ditto River Nanning where we crossed it 3360/3330 M = 3345. Height of camp at 8 p.m. 4810/4640 M = 4725. River below Yacham between Boralangi - Dihu. Road good and descent and ascent to and from Nanning not difficult. Min = 52o. The road outside Boralangi on lower side is heavily panjied and strongly fortified.)
text: Up very early. Started about 7. Made sketch of house in Susu. Memaram recognised a man here from Chihu though we had been told that we could not get guides on account of war between Chihu and Susu. On enquiry we found that traffic goes on regularly between Chihu and Susu, and that there is a good road. We missed it by the advance guard turning to the left instead of keeping straight on. Went down to the mark and observed from 11.30 till 2.15. Exceedingly windy. My eye was blown against the theodolite several times. The wind interfered with the readings and I had to reobserve the angles several times. Breakfasted outside village, and came on to Lungkhung. Found camp pitched in a very breezy spot. Villagers exceedingly civil. Our mess house is a small watch house. The sides have been closed up with matting but every gust shakes it like a ship at sea. Very glad to know that there is a practicable road to Yangemdi hill.
text: Outside Boralangi village we saw just off the road on a small platform a dead man (young). He was a Susu man who had been to Boralangi and got drunk. Going back with two others he stumbled and fell on a panji which went right through from side to side. We saw a good deal of blood in the road where he must have fallen. He died last night and had only just been put up there. The Boralangi headman tells me that (35) he will not be covered up with a roof or matting but just left as he is now ie. wrapped up in his cloth and tied on to this platform. He says that men who die in this way or are speared do not get Naga burial but are just tied up in the place where they fell.
text: I notice in many of these villages and also at Chihu, that there are small tanks at certain parts of the village with raised walls or bamboo causeways round them. At present these tanks are rather short of water being generally dry.
text: I also notice in some tombs at Boralangi a few small shields such as those at Akoya, perhaps taken in battle (see tombs and daos at Santong page 15).