The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

published - Appendices. 'Detailed Report on the Naga Hills Expedition of 1878-80', Capt. P.J. Maitland

caption: routes in the Naga Hills district
medium: reports
location: Pulomi (Paplongmai) Dzula R. (Zulla R.) Barail Range (Barel Range) Mezema (Mezuma) Zubza R. (Zubzu R.)
person: Maitland/ Capt. P.J.
date: 1880
person: India Office Library, London
refnum: IOR L/MIL/17/18/24
text: March from Paplongmai to Konoma.
text: For the first three miles from Paplongmai the path is good and runs almost due north. It is, however, commanded by hills to the north-west and passes through tall grass jungle. But the country is fairly open and flanking parties can crown the hills. Afterwards the direction is north-easterly. For about half a mile there is a steep descent through woods into a ravine. From this a densely wooded ascent of three quarters of a mile leads to fairly level ground about a mile in length. The bed of a mountain stream is then descended for about a mile and a half. It is very steep, and the path resembles a staircase. At the foot of this is half a mile of swampy flat, after which the track emerges into open country. The river Zulla ( not to be confounded with Zullo) is now crossed, and the path takes a more easterly direction. The stream is said to be the boundary between the lands of the Konoma and Paplongmai Nagas. To the north-east of the route the country is densely wooded. To the west it is fairly open, but commanded by a high range of bare hills. The nature of the ground and the number of projecting rocks would here afford cover to an enemy. From hence the path runs through a series of woods or coppices alternating with open spaces. Through most of these woods run streams, the drainage from the mountain range to the west into the river Zulla. The first wood is about half a mile long; the second a mile; and the remaining six do not average more than 300 yards in length. At about twelve miles from Paplongmai the track enters the forest clothing the sides of the Barel range. Here a path branches off to the north-west; it gains the summit of the Barel and from thence the high ground above Mezuma. ( Probably Mozima of the report.) For about half a mile after entering the woods at the foot of the Barel, the path is almost level. (19) There is then a steep ascent of two miles to the crest of the range, after gaining which three miles of more or less steep descent lead down to the valley of the Zubzu below Konoma, after which there is another steep rise of two miles to the site of the village. The total length of the march is about 19 miles. (Captain C.R. MacGregor, 44th Sylhet Light Infantry).
text: In addition to those above mentioned, the following routes in the Naga Hills will be found in Routes in the Bengal Presidency:-
text: No. 473, Kohima to Cherima.
text: No. 474, Kohima to Rongzuma.
text: Nos. 475 and 476, Kohima to Tesiphima.
text: Nos. 477 and 478, Kohima to Thetchumi.
text: No. 682, Samaguting to Manipur.
text: No. 783, Tesiphima to Cherima.
text: No. 784, Tesiphima to Rongzuma.
text: No. 787, Thetchumi to Cherima.