The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

printed - Tour Diary of the Deputy Commissioner, Naga Hills 1870 (John Butler) volume one

caption: camp at Jaukhe; refusal of most villages to send gaonburas to discuss revenue payment; mouzadar of Western Rengmas ordered to collect revenue from Rengma villages too, and pay into treasury at Samoogooting; houses of widows and the Dekkachang pay no revenue
medium: tours
person: Moosung/ of DanghoRello/ of YangressoPhembeega Phookim
ethnicgroup: RengmaRengma <Western
location: Jaukhe Dangho Yangresso Samoogooting
date: 13.1.1870
person: Butler/ John
date: 5.1.1870-30.3.1870
note: inaccurate spelling in the original text
text: 13th January, Thursday. Moved the camp this morning to the Rengmah village of Jaukhe a distance of about 3 miles only.
text: Notwithstanding my having sent words some 20 days ago that I was about to visit these Hills for the purpose of appointing a Mouzadar who I wished should be a man of their own election and that for this purpose I desired the gaonboorahs of the various villages would meet me at Jaukhe, I find that Moosung of Dangho and Rello of Yangresso are the only two that have obeyed my summons the rest I am told having determined to refuse to listen to my orders and to oppose any attempt to raise revenue, under these circumstances I determined to act at once and immediately called a meeting at which I appointed Phembeega Phookim (the son of the late Jaukhe Phookun) Mouzadar over the western Rengmahs (or that portion of the Rengma villages which used formerly to pay their revenue into the Nowgong Treasury) and explained to him what his duties were adding that I should hold him personally responsible that the revenue was duly collected and promptly paid into the Treasury at Samoogooting to all of which he cheerfully agreed but prayed I would support him as he anticipated considerable opposition. I then explained to him that I should of course support him and that provided only he behaved properly and was guilty of no offence he need fear no one and in order that there should be no misunderstanding about the matter he should accompany me in my tour through the remaining villages in his Mouzah and make his arrangements for collecting the revenue.
text: In the evening I walked through the village and counted the houses which I found to be only 33 including 8 Barees or widows which together with the Dekka Chang are according to former custom exempted from paying any revenue.