The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

printed - Tour Diary of the Deputy Commissioner, Naga Hills 1870 (John Butler) volume one

caption: fortified village of Kenomahot Poplongmai; recent attack by Summemah khel of Khonomah; Dr Brown agrees over this part of boundary
medium: tours
person: Brown/ DrSummemah khel/ khonomahMeremah khel/ KhonomahSumemah khel/ KenomahRehootzoomah khel/ Kenomah
ethnicgroup: Kutcha
location: Tapamah Popoolungmaee Zoopoby R. Barak R. Tayphenee R.
date: 4.3.18701842
person: Butler/ John
date: 5.1.1870-30.3.1870
note: inaccurate spelling in the original text
text: 4th March, Friday. Halted and sent a dak off to Samoogooting which is only a 3 days journey from this. On walking over the village I found it to be in a regular state of barracades and palisading thrown up in all directions with a strong stockade surrounding the upper portion of the village, the sides of the hill cut down and steeply scarped with the deep ditches dug right across the ridge of the hill and the whole place so thickly studded with panjees that even one of my constables was accidentally wounded in two places by them and I myself very narrowly escaped being struck in the same way. This is all owing to the Summemah Khel of Khonomah having made a raid upon this village in revenge for the Meremhkhil [sic] of Khonomah having attacked their allies in Tapamah.
text: Kenomah only a few months ago was one of the most prosperous of the Kutcha Naga villages containing 282 houses but 72 were burned to the ground in this last raid and there only remain now 160 houses of the Sumemah Khel and 50 of the Rehootzoomah.
text: I am happy to say Dr. Brown and I have come to the same conclusion as regard the boundary in this direction and we agree in thinking that the Popoolungmae spoken of in the boundary report of 1842 must refer to Popongmai (or Kenomah) and that the river flowing below and to the East of this village called Zoopo by the Nagas ( and Barak by the Muneepoorees composing, Dr. Brown's escort) must be identical with the Tayphenee.