The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

printed - tour diary of the Deputy Commissioner of the Naga Hills for the year 1870-1872 (John Butler) volume two

caption: boundary marking; temporary cairns due to lack of help from the Manipur Rajah; rumour that Manipuris have said they will knock down markers when Butler returns to Samaguting
medium: tours
person: Thomson/ Col.Austin/ Major
location: Oukrophoku Mt. (Napu Mt.) Sidzu R. (Sijjo R.) Dzulu R. (Zullo R.) Khono Mt. (Khunho Mt.) Japvo Mt. (Japoo Mt.)
date: 11.1.1873
person: Butler/ John
date: 22.11.1870-17.2.1873
note: inaccurate spelling in the original text
text: 11th January. Colonel Thomson and I were out again today on the boundary work and am glad to say have at last completed it as far as we are concerned. Taking it up from the pillar on Napu, we carried it along the watershed of the small streams flowing east and west into the Sijjo and Zullo, erecting two other pillars on the hills named Meramera and Merara and from the latter point, took the line down a small streamlet to its junction with the Zulloo, at a point a little below where the stream which rises below and to the east of the Tenepu Peak (and which stream flows between the villages of Viswemah and Khuzamah falls into that river, i.e. the Zullo), after which we adopted the Zullo itself as the boundary up to its source in the Khunho mountain. So now we have nothing more to do until Austin arrives and surveys it, which I hope he will do very shortly for I have just had a pencil note from him from Japoo (9,952 feet above sea level) in which he says he is glad to say his work up there is very nearly over. He also mentions that the thermometer has been standing at 25 degrees and that he has been daily expecting snow to fall so that it must have been pretty cold up there and indeed even here (at Kidimah) Colonel Thomson's thermometer has been down as low as 30 degrees and ice forms on our 'Chilumchies' almost every night.
text: I must here add that owing to the opposition offered by the Manipuries and the refusal of the Rajah to assist us in any way, the boundary pillars that we have erected are mere cairns (heaps of stones) and can only be considered temporary marks until pressure can be brought to bear upon the Rajah and he can be induced to lend us his aid in erecting such permanent pillars as are apparently contemplated by the Government.
text: By the way, being informed today by one of the Chiefs of Kidimah that the Manipuries have been giving out to the Sopoomah men that they need pay no attention to the boundary that the Sahebs had been laying down, as they (the Manipuries) would knock down all the pillars immediately I returned to Samaguting, I mentioned it to Thomson who immediately sent for the "Major" and taxed him with it, but of course the latter denied all the matter and so we let it drop, simply warning the Major that any attempt at so bad a breach of faith would assuredly get himself and his master (the Rajah) into very serious trouble.