The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

printed - tour diary of the Deputy Commissioner of the Naga Hills for the year 1870-1872 (John Butler) volume two

caption: to the burnt villages; Gaziphemah's 'golgotha'; head-taking
medium: tours
location: Gazifhema (Gaziphemah) Zallomi
date: 30.1.1873
person: Butler/ John
date: 22.11.1870-17.2.1873
note: inaccurate spelling in the original text
text: [31] 30th January. We marched today to Gaziphemah or Vaprami. The greater portion of the road was a capital one and the country we passed through rather different in appearance from the other side of the Kopamedza ridge. Fir and oak are as abundant here as they are in the Khasi Hills. En route we passed through Zallomi, one of the 3 villages which have just been utterly destroyed by the Manipuries, and I counted the sites of 67 houses which had all been burn to ashes, and visited the newly made grave of one of the men who was killed here. Three of the Zallomi Nagas who accompanied me informed me that they had never had any cause of quarrel with the Manipuries and were quite ignorant of the reason that they had been treated in the manner they had. In Gaziphemah or Vapremai, I counted 195 sites of houses all destroyed by the Manipuries and here too I was informed that previous to this they had never been interferred with in any way by the Manipuries.
text: About l/4 mile from the village we passed through a perfect Golgatha. There were 52 poles all of which had at one time or another been decorated with a human head, some however had rusted away and others had evidently been lately knocked off as they were lying about in all directions. I counted nine skulls however still in the position in which they had been originally put up. On enquiry I was told that these heads had been obtained from the villages of Losame, Lekhakhume, Lekhurami, Kekribumi, Khokmi, Semi, Loosapzehemi and Mikitimi, with all of which Gaziphemah had been at war for ages past.