The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

published - extracts on Nagas from 'Assam Administration Report'

caption: Naga Hills District
caption: Relations with Tributary States and Frontier Affairs
caption: (ii) The Semas
medium: reports
person: Davis/ MrCole/ Capt.
ethnicgroup: Sema
location: Kyeku Sakhai Zimethu Shevekhe Sotomi Yameshe
date: 1897
date: 1898
text: 61. In the Sema country, the village of Kyeku raided the village of Sakhai killing 17 persons of that village. A dispute arose between these two villages as to the ownership of some land, to decide which the good offices of the Deputy Commissioner, Mr. Davis, were invoked. He decided the case in favour of Sakhai. Kyeku village did not, however, abide by the award but attacked Sakhai in September last with the result stated. Captain Cole visited Kyeku's village in December last but found the village deserted. He imposed a fine of Rs.1,000 and as this was not paid up, he burnt the village seizing cattle to the value of about Rs.400. Towards the end of December, a man of Kyeku's village brought in Rs.150 in cash and asked for permission to work off the balance by punishment labour. This request was granted.
text: There was also a riot between Zimethu and Shevekhe villages. Shevekhe village is just inside the political control area, Zimethu being situated inside our boundary. A man of the latter village claimed to have purchased a jhum from Sotomi village and when he and others of his village went to clear the jhum, Shevekhe village attacked them, wounding one man with a dao. The gaonbura of Shevekhe denied that any actual conflict had taken place or that anyone belonging to Zimethu had been wounded. He stated that both villages were ready to fight, but refrained from doing so at the orders of their respective headmen. The riot took place in March 1898 and the final result of the enquiries made in the case is not known as yet.
text: The fine of Rs.250 on Zimethu village, mentioned in paragraph 64 of the Report of 1896-97, was realised.
text: Shevekhe village complained that towards the end of March, Yameshe an independent village cleared a jhum on their land. On Shevekhe village expostulating, Yameshe challenged them to a fight and attacked some of the Shevekhe men on the way to their fields, wounding one man in the leg with a spear. The Shevekhe men then turned out in force and chased the Yameshe men, capturing some spears, shields and daos from the latter. A fine of Rs.100 has been imposed on each village.