The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

published - extracts on Nagas from 'Assam Administration Report'

caption: Naga Hills District
caption: Section 2. Relations with Tributary States and Frontier Affairs
caption: the trans-Dikhu tribes
medium: reports
person: Williamson/ NoelShakespear/ Capt.Woods/ Capt.Holcombe/ Lt.
location: Mozangjami Yacham (Yajim) Kamahu Bihubor T.G. Bor Tablung Jaklung Bargaon Chintak Wangla (Lakma) Kongan
date: 1899
date: 1900
text: 59. Our relations with these tribes were very friendly throughout the year. During the months of February and March the Deputy Commissioner of the Naga Hills made a lengthened tour amongst these tribes, and was well received everywhere. He crossed the Dikhu on the 15th February, and re-crossed it again below Kansing on the 1st March. He was accompanied by Mr Noel Williamson, Subdivisional Officer of Mokokchung, and Captain Shakespear, Commandant of the Naga Hills Military Police, was in command of the escort of 100 rifles. He went into the Yagnu Valley and visited the big village of Mozangjami, and after that he visited most of the important cilages situated between the valleys of the Yagnu and the Dikhu. Everywhere the Deputy Commisssioner and his party were received very well, but raiding and head-taking still prevail on all sides. The biggest raid which was reported was a raid by Yajim on the village of Kamahu. Yajim took sixty hears, mostly women and children. Nearly all the villages are very strongly defended, and on account of the hourly dread of attack, very little cultivation can be done, except in the immediate vicinity of the villages. Many of the smaller villages asked to be taken under British protection, saying that they would willingly pay revenue. Captain Woods made one tour previously amongst these tribes in 1893; since then he noticed that a certain number of the trans-Dikhu people had learnt a little of the Ao language, and one or two had even a smattering of Assamese; this is due to the fact that since his last visit the trans-Dikhu people come over more freely to trade in British Territory, and also that probably a good many more British subjects cross the border to trade with them.
text: Several petty thefts were committed by Nagas in the vicinity of Bihubor garden on the Sibsagar border, and the Chief Commisioner desired the Deputy Commissioner of the Naga Hills to visit the villages from which the thieves were believed to come, and explain to the people, and the headmen especially, that they could not pillage in British territory with impunity. The Deputy Commissioner accordingly crossed the Dikhu below Tamlu on the 6th March, and visited the villages of Bor Tablung Jaklung Bargaon, Chintak, Lakma, and Kongan. He was well received everywhere. Most of these villages had not been visited for years, and some had not been visited since Lieutenant Holcombe's murder in 1875. He also spent a couple of days in the plains, and marched through some of the frontier tea gardens at the foot of the hills.