The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

published - extracts on Nagas from 'Assam Administration Report'

caption: Nagas
caption: Relations with Tributary States and Frontier Affairs
caption: Jaipur Nagas, Borduarias, Namsangiyas, Bor Mithunias, etc.
medium: reports
ethnicgroup: BorduariaNamsangiyaBor Mithunia
location: Hukunjuri T.G. Towrok T.G.
date: 1901
date: 1902
text: The dispute between Borduaria and Namsangiya Nagas still continues, and has led to the occurence of several raids. In one of these a party of Bor Mithunias, who own allegiance to the Namsangiyas, under the leadership of a gaonbura, went out to attack the Paniduaria village, and finding three women on the path leading to the plains, killed them and took their heads. The Namsangiyas having thus broken the agreement entered into before the Deputy Commissioner in 1900 not to block the paths leading down to the plains, the 'posa' paid to the Namsangiya and Bor Mithunia Rajas for Hukunjuri and Towrok gardens was stopped for two years. Subsequently, the Namsangiya Chief petitioned the Chief Commissioner against the stoppage of his 'posa' , and further prayed that the Borduaria Nagas might be required to vacate a hill claimed by the Namsangyias, which was forcibly occupied by the Borduarias, and which a former Deputy Commissioner had allowed them to retain, as stated in paragraph 56 of the report for 1900-1901. After enquiry, the Chief Commissioner decided that the Namsangiya Raja had been rightly fined two years' 'posa' for breaking the agreement entered into in 1900. It appeared, however, that there was once a Namsangiya village on the disputed hill, and the fact that it had been unoccupied for about 15 years did not justify the conculsion that it had been abandoned by them. In order, therefore, to remove the 'casus belli', and thus ensure peace, the Chief Commissioner accepted the recommendation of the Deputy Commissioner that the Borduaria Chief should be ordered to vacate the hill in dispute at once on pain of being deprived of the 200 'bighas' of rent-free land which he holds in the Jaipur mauza. A second murder of three Nagas, believed to have been committed by members of the Bor Mithunia tribe, was reported in November 1901.