The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

published - extracts on Nagas from 'Assam Administration Report'

caption: frontier tribes
caption: Relations with Tributary States and Frontier Affairs
caption: Nagas
medium: reports
ethnicgroup: SarkariRangpangSemaAngami
location: Margherita Ledo Riching Yogli Tutsa
date: 1903
date: 1904
text: 13. A proposal for the annexation of the Sarkari Naga country north of the Tirap river, with a view to the more effectual protection of the inhabitants from raids by the Rangpang Nagas, was sanctioned by the Government of India, and the demarcation of the new boundary will shortly be carried out.
text: The outpost established on the Lungchang hill for the protection of the Sarkari Nagas is still maintained, but the Deputy Commisioner reports that the Rangpangs are able to avoid the guard and enter British territory. There was an increase in petty thefts by Nagas from the Assam Railways and Trading Company's buildings at Margherita and Ledo, which culminated in a robbery from a godown of the Railway workshops at Ledo. A party of Nagas came down during the night, broke open the main door of the workshop, and carried off articles to the value of Rs. 150. The Commandant of the Lakhimpur Military Police was at once directed to depute eight Military Police sepoys topatrol around Ledo, and the Political Jemadar at Margherita was also ordered to enquire into the case. The result of these enquiries points to seven Nagas of the Riching Yogli village, whose names are known, having committed the theft. A part of the stolen property was subsequently recovered through the sons of a Naga living near Ledo at whose house the thieves had stayed, and who died afterwards. The Deputy Commissioner sent a message to the Yoglis that, unless the seven men concerned were given up, any inhabitants of the village who were found in British territory would be arrested, This action has been approved by the Chief Commissioner.
text: The three Yogli Nagas referred to in paragraph 13 of the last year's report, as confined to jail for carrying off two Tutsa Nagas from within British territory, were convicted by Mr Cornes, Officiating Deputy Commissioner, one being sentenced to ten months' rigorous imprisonment and the other two to four months' each.
text: The Sema and Angami territory to the east of the Naga Hills district, hitherto known as the "area of political control", has for some time past been treated as an integral part of the district in all respects, except that no tax was levied on it. Such an anomalous state of affairs was liable to have an unsettling effect on the tax-paying Nagas, and the Government of India, therefore, accepted the Chief Commissioner's recommendation that the area should be annexed to British territory, a moderate house-tax being imposed. At the same time the Government of India sanctioned the extension of the limit of the district up the the Tizu river, a more convenient boundary than the crest of the range to the west of that river, which was the former limit of the political control area, and so at to include five Angami villages to the south-eaat, between it and the Tezhar, which were eager for British protection. This annexation was carried into effect in March 1904 without any opposition.