The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

book : 'Konyak Nagas' by Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf, (1969)

caption: Chapter Two. The Social Structure and its Units
caption: list of villages and tribute to Oukheang morung
medium: books
person: Oukheang morung/ Wakching
ethnicgroup: Konyak
location: Wakching Shiong Totok Tanhai Punkhung Longkhai Oting Lunglan Wangla Lungnyu Lapa (Lapha)
person: Furer-Haimendorf/ C.
date: 1969
refnum: with permission from Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York42:7
text: The majority of these satellites were attached to the Oukheang morung, traditionally the men's house of the founder of Wakching. The value of their tribute varied from a levy of rice payable by every household of the vassal settlement, to a small, purely ceremonial gift in recognition of the traditional dependence. There were, altogether, eleven villages which recognized the overlordship of the Oukheang, and in the majority of cases this recognition was due because the land on which the villages were built had originally belonged to the Oukheang morung. The payments of tribute due to the Oukheang from these eleven villages were as follows:
text: 1. Shiong: One bamboo vessel of husked rice from every household as tribute; the Oukheang men went annually to Shiong and had the right to spear and eat one pig.
text: 2. Totok Chingniu: Three baskets of rice from the whole village as tribute; see also item 3.
text: 3. Totok Chinkok: Three baskets of rice as tribute; when the chief of either of the two Totok settlements died, the Oukheang men were entitled to spear one pig.
text: 4. Tanhai: One bamboo vessel of rice from every household as tribute. Once a year the Oukheang men went to Tanhai and ate one pig; when the chief of Tanhai died, they ate two pigs, each of the two Tanhai morungs providing one pig.
text: 5. Punkhung: Same tribute as Tanhai; on the death of the chief three pigs were eaten, one from each of the three morungs of Punkhung.
text: 6. Longkhai: Same as item 5.
text: 7. Oting: A nominal quantity of rice and a few fish as tribute; once a year the Oukheang men visited Oting and ate one pig; on the death of the chief they ate two pigs.
text: 8. Lunglan: No tribute in rice; the right to one pig annually, usually not exercised because of the great distance; the right to two pigs on the death of the chief.
text: 9. Wangla: No tribute in rice. When the Oukheang morung was rebuilt or a new wooden gong carved, Wangla contributed one buffalo.
text: 10. Lungnyu: No tribute in rice; the right to two pigs on the death of the chief.
text: 11. Lapha: A village founded on Oukheang land in the British period paid an annual fee of five rupees in coins.