The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database

book : 'Konyak Nagas' by Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf, (1969)

caption: Chapter Four. Religious Beliefs and Practices
caption: soul of people who had died through an accident; ghosts
medium: books
ethnicgroup: Konyak
person: Furer-Haimendorf/ C.
date: 1969
refnum: with permission from Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York94:5
text: Apart from the 'yaha' and the 'mio,' there was a third element, which was believed to manifest itself after a man had met a violent death. This was called 'hiba,' and can best be translated as "ghost." When a man was killed in war and his head taken by enemies, the members of his morung assembled at night in the house of the deceased and waited for the return of the ghost. On hearing a crackling or a rustling they clapped their hands together as if catching something floating in the air and shouted, '"Hiba, hiba,"' This belief in the return of a dead man's ghost to his own village and house did not conflict with the belief that the 'yaha' or soul of those killed in war went to the land of the dead.