The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database
  1. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection theft notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Petty theft is not, and was not, punished. Major thefts are not common and were settled by restitution of the stolen goods; may still be. Sometimes the whole village was called ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  2. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkia private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next giving birth Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 giving birth notes Namkia Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Birth Delivery on a mat spread on the floor. (Query:" Burria aurat pakara, maurat bhi pakara," ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  3. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection rats notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection When the bamboos die, the rats come. King of the Rats. huge rat leads party. One said to have been shot by Kukis; every 50 years. If there are good crops 2 or 3 years running, the ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  4. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkia private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next bewitching tigers Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 bewitching tigers notes Namkia Zemi 1940-07-20:1940-07-20 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection A man who has lost many cattle or mithan by a tiger will do magic ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  5. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection bad dreams notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Dreams To avert the consequences of a really bad dream, a man will go at once on rising, bath thoroughly and cut his hair, throwing the cuttings away. Next R86223 R86223 ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  6. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkia private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next hair-cutting Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 hair-cutting notes Namkia Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection After an illness or indisposition a man will cut off a few hairs and throw them away "To cut off ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  7. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection meaning of dreams notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Dreams A tooth falling out means death or illness to near relative. To see a snake means the dreamer may receive a wound or hurt. To lose the way and not find it, or to..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  8. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection warrior's dress notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Warrior's Equipment A man going on the warpath fastens one cloth round him like a coat, and two, roughly folded, round his waist and abdomen, as protection against blows...
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  9. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Jadonang private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 letters notes Next extracts on the arrest of Jadonang Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi Kabui 27 extracts on the arrest of Jadonang letters notes Jadonang Zemi Kabui 1931-02-28:1931-02-28 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  10. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Gaidileu Gaipuiga of Kambiron Khengui of Kambiron Macdonald Jillakpon Jaddonang private collection Pulomi (Kenoma) Kambiron 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 letters notes Next extracts on the arrest of Gaidileu Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 extracts on the arrest of Gaidileu letters notes Gaidileu ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  11. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkia Gumtuing of Nenglo private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next 'The Lovers' - myth Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 'The Lovers' - myth notes suicide Namkia Gumtuing of Nenglo Zemi 1940-05-30:1940-05-31 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Many, many, many..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  12. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkia private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next bees as messengers of love Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 bees as messengers of love notes Namkia Zemi 1940-03-16:1940-03-16 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection In the old days it was said among the Zemis that..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  13. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection rainbow round the sun notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection A big rainbow ring round the sun, such as is sometimes seen, is said to be "Heaven holding court" ("bichar") i.e., a court of discussion or justice. Next R86231 ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  14. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection stars; celts notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Shooting Stars Shooting stars are said to be stars "looking for a wife", "going to get married" or merely changing their places because they don't like them. Kacharis say ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  15. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 'The Bird which would not Work' - myth notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Once upon a time everyone went to dig out the beds of the streams,- everybody, Nagas and spirits too - all but one bird, which would not help; so ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  16. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection celts and lightning notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection CELTS. (See Hutton, ANGAMIS, 403 et seq.) Celts are found in the fields and jungle. They are the "bullets" of the lightning. Meteorites are believed to be stars ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  17. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkia private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next 'The Owl and the Barking Deer' - myth Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 'The Owl and the Barking Deer' - myth notes Namkia Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection When the chief God of all was creating all the ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  18. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection were-tigers notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Were-tigers are known by their pug-marks, which have five toes instead of only four. The old men say there is a spring far away to the east, and whoever drinks it turns into ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  19. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection earthquakes notes herapeo Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Earthquakes are caused by a herapeo trying to turn the earth over with a crowbar. The scavenger beetle goes and tells him there are no men left, so he starts to turn ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  20. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkia private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next 'Nkiqui' - myth Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 'Nkiqui' - myth notes Namkia Zemi 1940-07-16:1940-07-16 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Once upon a time there was a girl, an orphan, who got herself into ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  21. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 'The Daughters-in-Law' - myth notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Once there was an old man who had eight sons, and he got wives for all of them. Now the old man had a fine necklace, very valuable and very heavy, and all ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  22. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkia private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next 'How Men learned to Fight' - myth Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 'How Men learned to Fight' - myth notes head-taking Namkia Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Once upon a time a girl went to fetch water,..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  23. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Ramgakpa Namkia private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next 'How Men got Rice' - myth Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 'How Men got Rice' - myth notes Ramgakpa Namkia Zemi 1940-07-01:1940-07-31 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Hutton, 'Angami Nagas' p.269 ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  24. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Mahadeo Mt. Japvo Mt. 'The Birth of the Spirits' - creation myth notes Katsingpeo Tsiuperai Zemi Mahadeo Mt. Japvo Mt. Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Once there was a herapeo who lived alone, and he dreamed that if he cut off ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  25. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkia private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next digging sticks Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 digging sticks notes Namkia Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection TRADITIONS Many years ago, many, many years, the Nagas only had a few daos, which belonged to ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  26. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkia private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next dancing daos Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 dancing daos notes Namkia Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Dancing daos were once common, but are now obsolete, though old men want them for their grave-..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  27. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkia private collection Semkhor 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next salt Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 salt notes Namkia Zemi Semkhor Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Once, too, the Nagas got no bazaar salt, but got the brine from Semkhor well, and either they or ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  28. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkia private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next Angami raiding Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi Angami 27 Angami raiding notes Namkia Zemi Angami Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection In the old days the Angamis used to raid as far as Impoi. On one occasion the ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  29. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkia private collection Impoi 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next stone-dragging accident Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 stone-dragging accident notes Namkia Zemi Impoi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection THE ACCURSED STONE Many years ago Impoi were dragging a memorial..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  30. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection raiding notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection When Zemi villages were at feud or on raiding terms sentries used to be set around the fields, always looking, looking for raiders. No one could go to their fields in families or..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  31. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection man-traps notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Formerly, it is said, certain unamiable individuals (or villages) used to set "deadfall" traps by paths used by travellers. The traps were cunningly disguised as shelters, such..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  32. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Iseing Namkia Namrebuing of Asalu private collection Izeingram Leikul Impoi 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next Angami raiding Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi Angami 27 Angami raiding notes Iseing Namkia Namrebuing of Asalu Zemi Angami Izeingram Leikul Impoi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  33. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 'Tsiuperai and Bangklawang' - myth notes Kamadile Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Tsiuperai, the spirit of the hill Japvo, courted Kamadile, the beautiful daughter of Bangklawang, who was king over all things on earth; and ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  34. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkia private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next 'The Mithan' or 'Hugining' - myth Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 'The Mithan' or 'Hugining' - myth notes Namkia Zemi 1940-09-01:1940-09-31 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection A youth and a girl once lived in ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  35. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Phellong (Impuilong) Angami raiding notes Zemi Angami Phellong (Impuilong) Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection The Angamis once raided Impuilong (Phellong) when the men were in the fields, killing the old people and children. When ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  36. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Shemkhor's cloth notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection headman of Shemkhor with Kachari Kings cloth Shemkhor's cloth nagasketchesS46921.jpg Mokordhon the Kachari king gave it them on his death-bed, as a permanent protection ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  37. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Shangshum private collection Nungbi Khulen Nungbi Khunou (Nungbi Khunao) 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next Tangkhul pottery-making Graham Bower Ursula Previous Tangkhul 27 Tangkhul pottery-making notes Shangshum Tangkhul Nungbi Khulen Nungbi Khunou (Nungbi Khunao) Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  38. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection burial customs. notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection BURIAL CUSTOMS AMONG ZEMI NAGAS. When death is imminent those in the house raise a wailing and outcry, while one of them closes the eyes and mouth. Others, who have been ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  39. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Haichangnang of Asalu Sogang of Asalu Imaba of Asalu private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next slaves Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 slaves notes Haichangnang of Asalu Sogang of Asalu Imaba of Asalu Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Slaves among the ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  40. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection landslips notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection If a slip occurs in a jhum, the owner must perform a ceremony with a pig as sacrifice, or he or she will certainly be ill andor die. Next R86258 R86258 Previous R86256 R86256 ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  41. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Hangrum Hangrum's migration notes Zemi Hangrum Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Migration Hangrum community arrived at their present position by the following stages, from Noui, their original home:- 1) Thusann(?) in N.Hills 2) ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  42. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Hangrum sepoys notes Zemi Hangrum Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Note. The Hangrum brush with the sepoys. Information from the former bungalow chowkidar, who was arrested by the sepoys and sitting a prisoner in the bungalow site..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  43. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection marriage incest notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Incest. Occasionally occurs secretly between unmarried pairs, but is kept strictly secret. The young sinners will catch if from their parents if they find out. If they ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  44. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection marriage marriage links notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Formerly marriage tended to be with families whose daughters were regularly satisfactory; i.e. A marries Z, and his younger brother B, admiring her, takes a wife ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  45. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Ramgakpa private collection Gobin 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next marriage Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 marriage notes Ramgakpa Zemi Gobin Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Marriage (Gobin) A Senior member of boy's family, or failing him, a relative, broaches the..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  46. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Mbairong of Impoi Songang Namkreubuing Namrebuing Haitsangnang Haikelungba of Asalu private collection Impoi Asalu 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next Angami raiding and migrations of Impoi Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 Angami raiding and migrations of Impoi notes Mbairong of Impoi Songang ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  47. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection migration of the Zemi notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection All the Zemi came from Remdi (Remdhi), from which they went to Remna, from which they went to Nui; thence Thusann; Imphal; Bopungwemi; Nenglokuloa, near Hajaichak; ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  48. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Laisong (Laison) Kepelo divorce notes Zemi Laisong (Laison) Kepelo Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Laison-Kepelo divorce case. Girl (K) married boy (L). No child after 3 years. Girl ran away home. Boy expressed his willingness to..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  49. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Ritening of Impoi Baker Stuart S.D.O. Perry Mr. Booth Mr. private collection Impoi Gareoloa Asalu Gamvom Ngalsong Hakaokhang Tole Pangmual Longkhai (Longkai) 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next scarcity in Impoi - report Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 scarcity in Impoi - report notes Ritening of..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  50. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Nriami clan Neomi clan private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next exogamy Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 exogamy notes Nriami clan Neomi clan Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Exogamous Groups The Zemi have two main divisions, Nriami and Neomi, both of..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  51. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Nenglo notes on Nenglo village notes Zemi Nenglo Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Notes on Nenglo Village (Zemi Naga), North Cachar Hills. 1. This is a village of 40 odd houses and one of the few in which the Neomi clan ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  52. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection head-taking notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Ho Ho asan Ka-ha-zam! Ambo, Ambo! (Heads taken; a repetition for each head taken). Ho Ho-hazam, hazam - Ao-ee! (Enemy wounded, but escaped) (done from a distance when ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  53. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection conditions of marriage incest notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Incest It would seem that while originally the Nriami and probably the Nkuoami were strictly exogamous groups, the rules have in many villages been relaxed ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  54. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection conditions of marriage love marriages notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Many marriages are the result of a couple falling in love and of a courtship in the dekachang and elsewhere, but among the richest and poorest ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  55. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection conditions of marriage parents' role in marriage-making notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection When the parents of an eligible young man feel it is time he married, they begin to drop hints and make inquiries as to whether he..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  56. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection conditions of marriage bride-price notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection On the day, the boy's parents go to the girl's house with a party of friends and kinsmen, choosing the best debaters available, and the mathais, if the..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  57. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection conditions of marriage elopement notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection The above-mentioned ceremonies are those customary in a formal marriage, generally between families of some standing, and they are also observed when the..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  58. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection conditions of marriage residence after marriage notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Residence and place of cohabitation Husband and wife live in the same house. A young couple do not usually have a separate house, but the ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  59. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Asalu conditions of marriage bride-price notes Zemi Asalu Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection One girl in Asalu cost her father-in-law - nominally, at least - over Rs 200-, which included Rs 80- in cash, a mithan and a necklace; but ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  60. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Naga nationalism notes articles 1961-01-01:1961-12-31 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection [9] [draft article] The Commonwealth's Unknown War : a summing-up by Ursula Graham Bower For the best part of seven years the Unknown War has ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  61. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection agriculture - harvesting notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Agriculture If a villager is having difficulty in getting his crop reaped, through illness or other causes, his fellow-villagers may decide to do a day's work ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  62. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Halei-na genna notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection [11] Halei-Na (March) (Heramui must be performed before this genna. After Heramui cucumbers, maize and kachu are planted in the old jhums.) Next R86280 R86280 Previous ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  63. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Halei-na genna first day. Harrok-na (jhum-firing genna) notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 1st day. Harrok-na (jhum-firing genna). Formerly it was forbidden to bring water into the house on this day for fear of the jhums ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  64. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Halei-na genna second day. Halei-na notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 2nd day. Halei-na. The village is strictly closed. Everyone rises fasting. The old man of the house, or if there is none, one called for the purpose, ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  65. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Halei-na genna third day. Ka-ntoa-na notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 3rd day. Ka-ntoa-na. In the morning the young men go fasting to a place near the path below the village, dig up a patch of ground, plant rice, and ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  66. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Halei-na genna fourth day. Kangim-bu-na notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 4th day. Kangim-bu-na. The village is strictly closed. No water may be carried or work done. The girls of each dekachang have a feast, bringing a ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  67. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Halei-na genna fifth day. Ntoa-gwa-na notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 5th day. Ntoa-gwa-na. First thing in the morning the buck who planted the rice goes fasting with one or two others to one of the nearer jhums and ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  68. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Halei-na genna sixth day. Haba-para-piak-penna notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 6th day. Haba-para-piak-penna. In the morning all the women and girls go to the path below the village, each taking some cotton seeds and a..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  69. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Halei-na genna seventh day. Kan-tsi-na notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 7th day. Kan-tsi-na. On this day, or any convenient day when going to the jhums, each man makes a little fenced square with four sticks and digs up..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  70. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Halei-na genna eighth day. Heliem-zao-na notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 8th day. Heliem-zao-na. No field work is done, but the village is not closed. All is made ready for the following day. A pig is bought [sic]. Men..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  71. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Halei-na genna ninth day. Heliem-na notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 9th day. Heliem-na. The pig is turned loose and caught by the bucks in the morning, and is then taken to the hazoa (Impoi and Asalu) or the lower ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  72. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Abung Shamshu Arjun Jeffery C.F. Gaideleu private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 letters notes Next letters from Ursula Graham Bower preparations for trip to Kakadan Graham Bower Ursula Previous 27 letters from Ursula Graham Bower preparations for trip to Kakadan letters notes Abung Shamshu Arjun..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  73. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Ukhrul letters from Ursula Graham Bower preparations for trip to Nungbi and Chingjaroi letters notes Ukhrul 1939-02-12:1939-02-12 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Feb 12th 1939 Ukhrul, Manipur State My dear Humps, ........I am ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  74. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Luikai of Nungbi Khunao Abung Saknio of Ukhrul Chinaorang of Nungbi Khunao private collection Chingjaroi 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 letters notes Next letters from Ursula Graham Bower description of servants Graham Bower Ursula Previous 27 letters from Ursula Graham Bower description of servants letters..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  75. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Jessami letters from Ursula Graham Bower witchcraft at Jessami letters notes Khizami Jessami 1939-03-30:1939-03-30 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection We had a spot of bother on arriving here from Kharasom. Both Chingjaroi and ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  76. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Luchai letters from Ursula Graham Bower were-tiger letters notes Luchai 1939-03-30:1939-03-30 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection On my last trip I went to a Tangkhul village called Luchai, and during the night, so the coolies swore,..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  77. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Saknio private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 letters notes Next letters from Ursula Graham Bower flirting Graham Bower Ursula Previous 27 letters from Ursula Graham Bower flirting letters notes Saknio 1939-03-30:1939-03-30 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection We have just..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  78. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection letters from Ursula Graham Bower women; spitting letters notes 1939-03-30:1939-03-30 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection All the women who have nothing else to do have come into the basha uninvitd and are having a field-day among my ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  79. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection letters from Ursula Graham Bower film letters notes 1939-03-30:1939-03-30 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Kodaks have sent up a parcel of cine films, most of which are pretty good; I'm most relieved considering the miles I hiked ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  80. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection letters from Ursula Graham Bower medical work letters notes 1939-03-30:1939-03-30 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection I am due back in Imphal on April 20th, but considering how little we have adhered to schedule, that's nothing to go..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  81. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection letters from Ursula Graham Bower back to Imphal; sadness at leaving letters notes 1939-04-21:1939-04-21 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection April 21st Well, here we are back in Imphal at last, the party disbanded and the long trek ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  82. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Luikai private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 letters notes Next letters from Ursula Graham Bower description of Luikai Graham Bower Ursula Previous 27 letters from Ursula Graham Bower description of Luikai letters notes Luikai Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection [first ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  83. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Jangsang private collection Jessami 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 letters notes Next letters from Ursula Graham Bower Jessami without a Compounder; witchcraft incident Graham Bower Ursula Previous 27 letters from Ursula Graham Bower Jessami without a Compounder; witchcraft incident letters notes Jangsang ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  84. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection letters from Ursula Graham Bower from Jessami to Huining letters notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection From Jessami we turned south again to Kharasom and Chingjaroi, then to Paowi, then to Kachai, where we met a chicken-pox ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  85. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Mills J.P. Betts Tim Godfrey private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 letters notes Next letters from J.P. Mills to Ursula Graham Bower Graham Bower Ursula Previous 27 letters from J.P. Mills to Ursula Graham Bower letters notes Mills J.P. Betts Tim Godfrey 1945-11-30:1945-11-30 Graham Bower Ursula..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  86. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Mills J.P. Archer private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 letters notes Next letters from J.P. Mills to Ursula Graham Bower Graham Bower Ursula Previous 27 letters from J.P. Mills to Ursula Graham Bower letters notes Mills J.P. Archer 1945-11-06:1945-11-06 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  87. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Mills J.P. Betts Tim private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 letters notes Next letters from J.P. Mills to Ursula Graham Bower Graham Bower Ursula Previous 27 letters from J.P. Mills to Ursula Graham Bower letters notes Mills J.P. Betts Tim 1945-10-29:1945-10-29 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  88. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Mills J.P. Perry Betts Tim private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 letters notes Next letters from J.P. Mills to Ursula Graham Bower Graham Bower Ursula Previous 27 letters from J.P. Mills to Ursula Graham Bower letters notes Mills J.P. Perry Betts Tim 1945-10-23:1945-10-23 Graham Bower Ursula ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  89. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Mills J.P. Archer private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 letters notes Next letters from J.P. Mills to Ursula Graham Bower Graham Bower Ursula Previous 27 letters from J.P. Mills to Ursula Graham Bower letters notes Mills J.P. Archer 1945-02-20:1945-02-20 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  90. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Gobin Laisong marriage notes Zemi Gobin Laisong Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Marriage. If a boy gets married, a girl of the same house may not marry that year. If one boy gets married, another from the same house may not get ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  91. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Ngwobuing of Thingje private collection 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next marriage and 'apotia' deaths Graham Bower Ursula Previous Zemi 27 marriage and 'apotia' deaths notes Ngwobuing of Thingje Zemi 1944-02-01:1944-02-31 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection MARRIAGE AND "..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  92. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection food taboos notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Food Taboos. The following may be eaten by old men only: 1. python 2. tiger, leopard-cat, leopard, and jungle-cats generally. 3. game which had strayed into the village and been ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  93. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection use of personal names notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Personal names The use of these is very restricted, as it implies parental or near-parental relationship in the speaker. They are used only 1) by parents, friends ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  94. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection theft notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Thefts Thefts of dhan from another village were punished - if the culprits were traced - by heavy fines, a mithan, a deo-moni necklace, or even land. Thefts of dhan in the village ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  95. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection games notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Boys 1) A brass earring is put in a hole in the ground, and all the players put their hands in the hole and grab for the ring at a given single. The one who gets it runs off and is ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  96. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Nungbi Khunou (Nungbi Khunao) artefacts collected by Ursula Graham Bower Tangkhul pottery notes Tangkhul Nungbi Khunou (Nungbi Khunao) 1940-02-15:1940-02-15 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Tangkhul pottery, Nungbi Khunao 1) "..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  97. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Ngapum artefacts collected by Ursula Graham Bower married woman's walking stick notes Tangkhul Ngapum 1940-02-15:1940-02-15 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 3) "Theithing" - Tangkhul married woman's walking stick. Given to a girl ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  98. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Nungbi Khunou (Nungbi Khunao) artefacts collected by Ursula Graham Bower girl's necklace notes Tangkhul Nungbi Khunou (Nungbi Khunao) Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 4) "Cha" - Tangkhul girl's necklace. After marriage the more ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  99. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Nungha (Nunghar) artefacts collected by Ursula Graham Bower Tangkhul spear notes Nungha (Nunghar) 1940-02-15:1940-02-15 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 5) "Kachei" - Tangkhul spear; ordinary model, rather battered. From Nunghar ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  100. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Namkiabuing of Impoi Haichangnang private collection Mandu 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next artefacts collected by Ursula Graham Bower stone-bowled tobacco pipe Graham Bower Ursula Previous 27 artefacts collected by Ursula Graham Bower stone-bowled tobacco pipe notes Namkiabuing of Impoi ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
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